Dynamic response of vehicle–bridge–soil system using lumped-parameter models for structure–soil interaction

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Prediction of vibrations generated by railway traffic experiences an increasing interest, as new lines are being constructed and planned in many countries. The paper proposes a numerical model to analyse a coupled vehicle–bridge–soil system, taking into account the most important phenomena affecting the structure, while at the same time being comparatively computationally efficient. Such model is useful in the early design phases of a project, when analysing a range of possible configurations or conducting parametric analysis is required. A simplified vehicle model, nonlinear wheel–rail interaction, a bridge structure modelled using the finite-element method and a semi-analytical model for layered soil are all introduced in the model. A pure time-domain solution procedure is used, utilizing lumped-parameter models (LPMs) for the soil–foundation system. Representation of the dynamic stiffness matrix using LPMs is investigated by analysing the cross-coupling between footings and a novel procedure necessary for computationally stable LPMs is introduced and utilized. Further, pure time-domain solution is compared with an iterative mixed-domain solution. Finally, to illustrate the capabilities of the model, analyses are carried out to determine the resulting maximum and minimum excitation limits resulting from wheel–rail interaction on a number of randomly generated uneven track profiles.

TidsskriftComputers and Structures
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2020

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