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Dynamic content exchange between liprotides

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  • Henriette S Frislev
  • ,
  • Stine C L Jakobsen
  • ,
  • Signe A Frank
  • ,
  • Daniel E Otzen

Liprotides are complexes composed of partially denatured proteins and fatty acids in which the fatty acids form a micelle-like core surrounded by a shell of proteins. Liprotides, composed of α-lactalbumin (aLA) and oleic acid (OA), are similar in components and cytotoxicity to the original HAMLET protein-fatty acid complex. Liprotides composed of aLA and OA kill tumor cells by transferring the OA component to, and thus destabilizing, the cell membrane. Here we investigate liprotides' dynamics of transfer of contents between themselves and membranes using the hydrophobic fluorescent probe pyrene. We find that pyrene incorporated into liprotides is exchanged between liprotides within the dead time of a stopped-flow instrument, while the transfer to membranes occurs within 20s. Transfer kinetics was not affected by the presence of the membrane stabilizing lipid cholesterol. Thus, transfer is a remarkably rapid process which illustrates liprotides' efficacy as transporters of hydrophobic compounds.

TidsskriftBiophysical Chemistry
Sider (fra-til)13-18
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2018

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