The genetic architecture of the QT interval, defined as the period from onset of depolarisation to completion of repolarisation of the ventricular myocardium, is incompletely understood. Only a minor part of the QT interval variation in the general population has been linked to autosomal variant loci. Altered X chromosome dosage in humans, as seen in sex chromosome aneuploidies such as Turner syndrome (TS) and Klinefelter syndrome (KS), is associated with altered QTc interval (heart rate corrected QT), indicating that genes, located in the pseudoautosomal region 1 of the X and Y chromosomes may contribute to QT interval variation. We investigate the dosage effect of the pseudoautosomal gene SLC25A6, encoding the membrane ADP/ATP translocase 3 in the inner mitochondrial membrane, on QTc interval duration. To this end we used human participants and in vivo zebrafish models. Analyses in humans, based on 44 patients with KS, 44 patients with TS, 59 male and 22 females, revealed a significant negative correlation between SLC25A6 expression level and QTc interval duration. Similarly, downregulation of slc25a6 in zebrafish increased QTc interval duration with pharmacological inhibition of KATP channels restoring the systolic duration, whereas overexpression of SLC25A6 shortened QTc, which was normalized by pharmacological activation of KATP channels. Our study demonstrate an inverse relationship between SLC25A6 dosage and QTc interval indicating that SLC25A6 contributes to QT interval variation.

TidsskriftScientific Reports
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2023


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