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Don't air your dirty laundry: Party leadership contests and parliamentary election outcomes

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Don't air your dirty laundry : Party leadership contests and parliamentary election outcomes. / So, Florence.

I: European Journal of Political Research, Bind 60, Nr. 1, 02.2021, s. 3-24.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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So, Florence. / Don't air your dirty laundry : Party leadership contests and parliamentary election outcomes. I: European Journal of Political Research. 2021 ; Bind 60, Nr. 1. s. 3-24.

Bibtex

@article{8c30a55908c7415e894269c818089df7,
title = "Don't air your dirty laundry: Party leadership contests and parliamentary election outcomes",
abstract = "Staging an open contest is a democratic method to choose a party leader, though its electoral consequences remain unclear. I argue that leadership contests are electorally detrimental to governing parties. Competitive contests signal intraparty policy and/or personality conflict to voters, which damages governing parties{\textquoteright} perceived unity as well as competence in the policy-making process. Thus, leadership contests undermine governing parties{\textquoteright} performances in parliamentary elections. Moreover, since voters evaluate governing parties{\textquoteright} record in office more than their rhetoric, unlike opposition parties, they cannot repair the image of incompetence/disunity by reshaping their rhetoric and/or policy direction. This implies that leadership contests damage governing parties{\textquoteright} electoral prospects more than they do to opposition parties{\textquoteright} electoral performances. Results from statistical testing with original data from 14 countries support my argument. In addition, these results are not endogenous to the contests{\textquoteright} timing; degree of competitiveness; leadership selection rules; whether or not the incumbent retains office; norms of contests; or how predecessors left office. These findings underscore the need to investigate the relationship between intraparty dynamics and election outcomes.",
keywords = "governing versus opposition parties, intraparty politics, parties and elections, perceived competence and election outcomes",
author = "Florence So",
year = "2021",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1111/1475-6765.12383",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "3--24",
journal = "European Journal of Political Research",
issn = "0304-4130",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Don't air your dirty laundry

T2 - Party leadership contests and parliamentary election outcomes

AU - So, Florence

PY - 2021/2

Y1 - 2021/2

N2 - Staging an open contest is a democratic method to choose a party leader, though its electoral consequences remain unclear. I argue that leadership contests are electorally detrimental to governing parties. Competitive contests signal intraparty policy and/or personality conflict to voters, which damages governing parties’ perceived unity as well as competence in the policy-making process. Thus, leadership contests undermine governing parties’ performances in parliamentary elections. Moreover, since voters evaluate governing parties’ record in office more than their rhetoric, unlike opposition parties, they cannot repair the image of incompetence/disunity by reshaping their rhetoric and/or policy direction. This implies that leadership contests damage governing parties’ electoral prospects more than they do to opposition parties’ electoral performances. Results from statistical testing with original data from 14 countries support my argument. In addition, these results are not endogenous to the contests’ timing; degree of competitiveness; leadership selection rules; whether or not the incumbent retains office; norms of contests; or how predecessors left office. These findings underscore the need to investigate the relationship between intraparty dynamics and election outcomes.

AB - Staging an open contest is a democratic method to choose a party leader, though its electoral consequences remain unclear. I argue that leadership contests are electorally detrimental to governing parties. Competitive contests signal intraparty policy and/or personality conflict to voters, which damages governing parties’ perceived unity as well as competence in the policy-making process. Thus, leadership contests undermine governing parties’ performances in parliamentary elections. Moreover, since voters evaluate governing parties’ record in office more than their rhetoric, unlike opposition parties, they cannot repair the image of incompetence/disunity by reshaping their rhetoric and/or policy direction. This implies that leadership contests damage governing parties’ electoral prospects more than they do to opposition parties’ electoral performances. Results from statistical testing with original data from 14 countries support my argument. In addition, these results are not endogenous to the contests’ timing; degree of competitiveness; leadership selection rules; whether or not the incumbent retains office; norms of contests; or how predecessors left office. These findings underscore the need to investigate the relationship between intraparty dynamics and election outcomes.

KW - governing versus opposition parties

KW - intraparty politics

KW - parties and elections

KW - perceived competence and election outcomes

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85084504436&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/1475-6765.12383

DO - 10.1111/1475-6765.12383

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85084504436

VL - 60

SP - 3

EP - 24

JO - European Journal of Political Research

JF - European Journal of Political Research

SN - 0304-4130

IS - 1

ER -