Aarhus Universitets segl

Do air-breathing fish suffer branchial oxygen loss in hypoxic water?

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Magnus Lerche Aaskov
  • Derek Nelson, University of North Texas
  • ,
  • Henrik Lauridsen
  • Do Thi Thanh Huong, College of Aquaculture and Fisheries, Can Tho University, Can Tho, Vietnam
  • ,
  • Atsushi Ishimatsu, Institute for East China Sea Research, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
  • ,
  • Dane A. Crossley, II, University of North Texas, USA
  • Hans Malte
  • Mark Bayley
In hypoxia, air-breathing fish obtain O2 from the air but continue to excrete CO2 into the water. Consequently, it is believed that some O2 obtained by air-breathing is lost at the gills in hypoxic water. Pangasionodon hypophthalmus is an air-breathing catfish with very large gills from the Mekong River basin where it is cultured in hypoxic ponds. To understand how P. hypophthalmus can maintain high growth in hypoxia with the presumed O2 loss, we quantified respiratory gas exchange in air and water. In severe hypoxia (PO2: ≈ 1.5 mmHg), it lost a mere 4.9% of its aerial O2 uptake, while maintaining aquatic CO2 excretion at 91% of the total. Further, even small elevations in water PO2 rapidly reduced this minor loss. Charting the cardiovascular bauplan across the branchial basket showed four ventral aortas leaving the bulbus arteriosus, with the first and second gill arches draining into the dorsal aorta while the third and fourth gill arches drain into the coeliacomesenteric artery supplying the gut and the highly trabeculated respiratory swim-bladder. Substantial flow changes across these two arterial systems from normoxic to hypoxic water were not found. We conclude that the proposed branchial oxygen loss in air-breathing fish is likely only a minor inefficiency.
TidsskriftProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2023

Se relationer på Aarhus Universitet Citationsformater

ID: 340326216