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Discrete approximations to Dirac operators and norm resolvent convergence

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  • Horia Cornean, Institut for Matematiske Fag, Aalborg Universitet, Danmark
  • Henrik Garde
  • Arne Jensen, Institut for Matematiske Fag, Aalborg Universitet, Danmark
We consider continuous Dirac operators defined on $\mathbb{R}^d$, $d\in\{1,2,3\}$, together with various discrete versions of them. Both forward-backward and symmetric finite differences are used as approximations to partial derivatives. We also allow a bounded, Hölder continuous, and self-adjoint matrix-valued potential, which in the discrete setting is evaluated on the mesh. Our main goal is to investigate whether the proposed discrete models converge in norm resolvent sense to their continuous counterparts, as the mesh size tends to zero and up to a natural embedding of the discrete space into the continuous one. In dimension one we show that forward-backward differences lead to norm resolvent convergence, while in dimension two and three they do not. The same negative result holds in all dimensions when symmetric differences are used. On the other hand, strong resolvent convergence holds in all these cases. Nevertheless, and quite remarkably, a rather simple but non-standard modification to the discrete models, involving the mass term, ensures norm resolvent convergence in general.
TidsskriftJournal of Spectral Theory
Antal sider27
StatusAccepteret/In press - 2022

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