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Direct measurement of the viscosity of ternary aerosol mixtures

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  • Sunandan Mahant, University of North Carolina
  • ,
  • Emil Mark Iversen
  • Sabin Kasparoglu, University of North Carolina
  • ,
  • Merete Bilde
  • Markus D. Petters, University of North Carolina

Secondary organic aerosols contribute a large fraction to atmospheric aerosols. The phase states of secondary organic aerosols influence heterogeneous and multiphase chemistry in the atmosphere and thus climate. In previous studies we have used the dual tandem differential mobility analyzer technique to characterize the temperature- and humidity-dependent viscosity and glass transition temperature of suspended particles. However, the technique requires high particle number concentrations, is a complex setup, is expensive, and measurements are time consuming. Here we demonstrate a new simplified and more cost-effective method to obtain similar data. The technique was used to measure the temperature where the viscosity is ∼107 Pa s for submicron particles composed of binary and ternary mixtures of the sucrose/tartaric acid/citric acid system. Sucrose, tartaric acid and citric acid are taken as proxies for viscous organic aerosol components in the atmosphere. A subset of data were compared to measurements with the dual-tandem differential mobility analyzer method. Results show good agreement between the two techniques. The same mixed chemical systems were modeled using an updated version of the parametric phase diagram model described in Kasparoglu et al. (2021, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-1127-2021) as well as the predictions with the viscosity module of the Aerosol Inorganic-Organic Mixtures Functional groups Activity Coefficients model (AIOMFAC-VISC). Results show that appropriately parameterized mixing rules are suitable to describe these mixtures. We anticipate that the new technique will accelerate discovery of aerosol phase transitions in aerosol research.

TidsskriftEnvironmental Science: Atmospheres
Sider (fra-til)595-607
Antal sider13
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2023

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