Direct and indirect economic and health consequences related to sarcoidosis in Denmark: A national register-based study

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Background: Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease that primarily affects the younger population. Longitudinal studies of the economic burden of sarcoidosis are scarce. This study evaluates overall the economic burden of sarcoidosis in Denmark before and after initial diagnosis. Methods: We identified patients with sarcoidosis in the Danish National Patient Registry (1998–2010). All controls were randomly selected and matched concerning age, gender and residence. Data on direct and indirect costs, including frequency of primary and secondary sector contacts and procedures, medication, unemployment benefits and social transfer payments were extracted from national databases for patients and controls. Results: We identified 9119 patients with sarcoidosis and 36,432 matching controls. Patients with sarcoidosis had significantly higher rates of health-related contacts, higher usage of medication and more received unemployment and social payments compared with controls. The total health expenses were significantly higher in the sarcoidosis group 11 years before and 11 years after diagnosis than among controls. Income from public transfer payments was significantly higher in the sarcoidosis group five years prior of diagnosis until nine years post diagnosis. Especially women between 40 and 59 years have a lower income than their controls. Conclusion: Sarcoidosis has a socioeconomic impact on adults especially during their prime working and providing years and this is evident several years prior to and post diagnosis. The authors advocate that further research should focus on identifying the proportion of patients with sarcoidosis that imposes the largest economic burden. Increased focus on early diagnosis and disease management may reduce the socioeconomic burden of sarcoidosis.

TidsskriftRespiratory Medicine
Sider (fra-til)7-13
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2019

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