Digital breast tomosynthesis versus X-ray of the breast specimen for intraoperative margin assessment: A randomized trial

Irina Palimaru Manhoobi*, Trine Tramm, Søren Redsted, Anne Bodilsen, Leslie Foldager, Peer Christiansen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Involved resection margins after breast conserving surgery (BCS) often require a re-operation with increased patient anxiety and risk of impaired cosmesis. We investigated the number of re-operations due to involved resection margins after BCS comparing digital breast tomosynthesis(DBT) with X-ray for intraoperative margin evaluation. Furthermore, we assessed the diagnostic accuracy of these methods to predict histopathological margin status. Finally, we evaluated risk factors for re-operation.

METHODS: In this randomized, non-blinded study, 250 invasive breast cancer patients were randomized (1:1), whereof 241 were analyzed intraoperatively with either DBT (intervention, n = 119) or X-ray (standard, n = 122). Pearson's chi-squared test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, logistic and ordinal regression analysis was used as appropriate.

RESULTS: No difference was found in the number of re-operations between the DBT and X-ray group (16.8 % vs 19.7 %, p = 0.57), or in diagnostic accuracy to predict histopathological margin status (77.5 %, CI: 68.6-84.9 %) and (67.3 %, CI: 57.7-75.9 %), respectively. We evaluated 5 potential risk factors for re-operation: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) outside tumor, OR = 9.4 (CI: 4.3-20.6, p < 0.001); high mammographic breast density, OR = 6.1 (CI: 1.0-38.1, p = 0.047); non-evaluable margins on imaging, OR = 3.8 (CI: 1.3-10.8, p = 0.016); neoadjuvant chemotherapy, OR = 3.0 (CI: 1.0-8.8, p = 0.048); and T2 tumor-size, OR = 2.6 (CI: 1.0-6.4, p = 0.045).

CONCLUSIONS: No difference was found in the number of re-operations or in diagnostic accuracy to predict histopathological margin status between DBT and X-ray groups. DCIS outside the tumor showed the highest risk of re-operation. Intraoperative methods with improved visualization of DCIS are needed to obtain tumor free margins in BCS.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer103616
TidsskriftThe Breast
Vol/bind73
ISSN0960-9776
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2024

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