Differential association of spinal mu, delta and kappa opioid receptors with cutaneous thermal and visceral chemical nociceptive stimuli in the rat

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The intrathecal administration of several mu (morphine), delta (d-ala2-d-leu5-enkephalin, dimeric leu-enkephalin) and mixed mu/delta (beta-endorphin) agonists produced a dose-dependent inhibition of all cutaneous thermal (Tail Flick/Hot Plate) nociceptive responses in the rat. The kappa agonist U50488H had no analgesic potency in thermal nociceptive tests. On a visceral chemical test (writhing) and agonists exerted a powerful suppression of the response. In contrast at doses 10 to 50 times the ED50 on cutaneous thermal tests, delta agonists had no effect on the writhing response. At higher intrathecal doses, delta ligands produced flaccidity. These observations suggest the existence of three discriminable populations of opioid receptors in the spinal cord whose activation has different effects on the animals response to noxious stimuli.

TidsskriftLife Sciences
Vol/bind33 Suppl 1
Sider (fra-til)653-6
Antal sider4
StatusUdgivet - 1983

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