Dietary Supplementation with Casein Glycomacropeptide, Leucine and Tryptophan Reduces Plasma Amino Acid Levels in Men

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Dietary Supplementation with Casein Glycomacropeptide, Leucine and Tryptophan Reduces Plasma Amino Acid Levels in Men. / Larsen, Erik Roj; Juel, Anette; Jensen, Erik; Hollyer, Tristan R; Wegener, Gregers.

I: Acta Neuropsychiatrica, Bind 34, Nr. 2, 04.2022, s. 69-76.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Larsen, Erik Roj ; Juel, Anette ; Jensen, Erik ; Hollyer, Tristan R ; Wegener, Gregers. / Dietary Supplementation with Casein Glycomacropeptide, Leucine and Tryptophan Reduces Plasma Amino Acid Levels in Men. I: Acta Neuropsychiatrica. 2022 ; Bind 34, Nr. 2. s. 69-76.

Bibtex

@article{af1073afca2d401eaf62b5c95ee25dd2,
title = "Dietary Supplementation with Casein Glycomacropeptide, Leucine and Tryptophan Reduces Plasma Amino Acid Levels in Men",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The treatment of mania in bipolar disorders needs to be more efficient, as the manic condition creates severe problems for the patient when it comes to work, finances, relationships and health. This proof-of-concept study examines to what extent casein glycomacropeptide (CGMP) may reduce the precursors of dopamine, phenylalanine and tyrosine, in plasma, and therefore be a potential new intervention to treat acute manic episodes. METHOD: The study was designed as a double-blind randomised dose-response study of CGMP (with added leucine and tryptophan) in 15 healthy men, receiving 3 different doses of CGMP with an interval of at least 14 days. RESULTS: Administration of CGMP produced a dose-dependent depletion of plasma aromatic amino acids. The total area under the curve of plasma ratios of phenylalanine-tyrosine compared to the level of leucine-isoleucine-valine--tryptophan was CGMP (20 g): 3.648 [SE:0.3281]; CGMP (40 g): 2.368 [SE:0.1858]; and CGMP (60 g)1.887 [SE:0.2591]. A comparison of the groups showed a dose-dependent statistical difference, with a one-way ANOVA summary (Dunnett) F = 11.87, p = 0.0003, CGMP 20 g versus CGMP 40 g, p = 0.0042, CGMP 20 g versus CGMP 60 g, p = 0.0002. No significant side effects were observed. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrate CGMP is a well-tolerated and effective mixture, and that 60 g of CGMP produced the highest depletion of plasma aromatic amino acids (phenylalanine and tyrosine). The effect seems to be highest after 3-4 h. We therefore conclude that this dose should be the one considered for future studies involving CGMP in humans.",
keywords = "bipolar disorder, casein glycomacropeptide, dopamine, mania, phenylalanine, Peptide Fragments, Double-Blind Method, Humans, Tryptophan, Male, Leucine, Dietary Supplements, Caseins/metabolism",
author = "Larsen, {Erik Roj} and Anette Juel and Erik Jensen and Hollyer, {Tristan R} and Gregers Wegener",
year = "2022",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1017/neu.2021.34",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "69--76",
journal = "Acta Neuropsychiatrica",
issn = "0924-2708",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dietary Supplementation with Casein Glycomacropeptide, Leucine and Tryptophan Reduces Plasma Amino Acid Levels in Men

AU - Larsen, Erik Roj

AU - Juel, Anette

AU - Jensen, Erik

AU - Hollyer, Tristan R

AU - Wegener, Gregers

PY - 2022/4

Y1 - 2022/4

N2 - BACKGROUND: The treatment of mania in bipolar disorders needs to be more efficient, as the manic condition creates severe problems for the patient when it comes to work, finances, relationships and health. This proof-of-concept study examines to what extent casein glycomacropeptide (CGMP) may reduce the precursors of dopamine, phenylalanine and tyrosine, in plasma, and therefore be a potential new intervention to treat acute manic episodes. METHOD: The study was designed as a double-blind randomised dose-response study of CGMP (with added leucine and tryptophan) in 15 healthy men, receiving 3 different doses of CGMP with an interval of at least 14 days. RESULTS: Administration of CGMP produced a dose-dependent depletion of plasma aromatic amino acids. The total area under the curve of plasma ratios of phenylalanine-tyrosine compared to the level of leucine-isoleucine-valine--tryptophan was CGMP (20 g): 3.648 [SE:0.3281]; CGMP (40 g): 2.368 [SE:0.1858]; and CGMP (60 g)1.887 [SE:0.2591]. A comparison of the groups showed a dose-dependent statistical difference, with a one-way ANOVA summary (Dunnett) F = 11.87, p = 0.0003, CGMP 20 g versus CGMP 40 g, p = 0.0042, CGMP 20 g versus CGMP 60 g, p = 0.0002. No significant side effects were observed. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrate CGMP is a well-tolerated and effective mixture, and that 60 g of CGMP produced the highest depletion of plasma aromatic amino acids (phenylalanine and tyrosine). The effect seems to be highest after 3-4 h. We therefore conclude that this dose should be the one considered for future studies involving CGMP in humans.

AB - BACKGROUND: The treatment of mania in bipolar disorders needs to be more efficient, as the manic condition creates severe problems for the patient when it comes to work, finances, relationships and health. This proof-of-concept study examines to what extent casein glycomacropeptide (CGMP) may reduce the precursors of dopamine, phenylalanine and tyrosine, in plasma, and therefore be a potential new intervention to treat acute manic episodes. METHOD: The study was designed as a double-blind randomised dose-response study of CGMP (with added leucine and tryptophan) in 15 healthy men, receiving 3 different doses of CGMP with an interval of at least 14 days. RESULTS: Administration of CGMP produced a dose-dependent depletion of plasma aromatic amino acids. The total area under the curve of plasma ratios of phenylalanine-tyrosine compared to the level of leucine-isoleucine-valine--tryptophan was CGMP (20 g): 3.648 [SE:0.3281]; CGMP (40 g): 2.368 [SE:0.1858]; and CGMP (60 g)1.887 [SE:0.2591]. A comparison of the groups showed a dose-dependent statistical difference, with a one-way ANOVA summary (Dunnett) F = 11.87, p = 0.0003, CGMP 20 g versus CGMP 40 g, p = 0.0042, CGMP 20 g versus CGMP 60 g, p = 0.0002. No significant side effects were observed. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrate CGMP is a well-tolerated and effective mixture, and that 60 g of CGMP produced the highest depletion of plasma aromatic amino acids (phenylalanine and tyrosine). The effect seems to be highest after 3-4 h. We therefore conclude that this dose should be the one considered for future studies involving CGMP in humans.

KW - bipolar disorder

KW - casein glycomacropeptide

KW - dopamine

KW - mania

KW - phenylalanine

KW - Peptide Fragments

KW - Double-Blind Method

KW - Humans

KW - Tryptophan

KW - Male

KW - Leucine

KW - Dietary Supplements

KW - Caseins/metabolism

U2 - 10.1017/neu.2021.34

DO - 10.1017/neu.2021.34

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34666854

VL - 34

SP - 69

EP - 76

JO - Acta Neuropsychiatrica

JF - Acta Neuropsychiatrica

SN - 0924-2708

IS - 2

ER -