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Development in Maillard Reaction and Dehydroalanine Pathway Markers during Storage of UHT Milk Representing Differences in Casein Micelle Size and Sedimentation

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Ultra-high temperature (UHT) processing of milk can result in protein changes during storage; however, the progress of dehydroalanine (DHA) mediated protein cross-linking and Maillard reactions in relation to the sediment formation have not been investigated previously. Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry, based on multiple reaction monitoring (MRM), was used to absolutely quantify concentrations of furosine, N-ε-(carboxyethyl)lysine (CEL), N-ε-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML), lanthionine (LAN) and lysinoalanine (LAL) in skim milk and sediment of UHT milk produced from raw milk with either small or large casein micelles. The results showed a higher molar proportion of the advanced stage Maillard reaction products CEL and CML in the sediment, compared to early stage Maillard reaction product furosine, whereas furosine was predominant in the skim milk. Both LAL and LAN increased during storage in the skim milk phase, however only LAL was identified in the sediment. The milk pool with large native casein micelles, known to have a higher percentage of sedimentation, contained higher proportions of furosine, CEL, CML and LAL in the sediment compared to milk with smaller native casein micelles. The study demonstrates the potential contribution of processing-induced protein-protein interactions to sedimentation in UHT milk during storage.

Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 23 maj 2022

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