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Determination of the wind induced detachment threshold for granular material on Mars using wind tunnel simulations

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  • Marslaboratoriet

Experimental results are presented of wind induced grain detachment under Mars simulation conditions. A simple force balance equation is applied to quantify the wind shear stress required for removal of glass spheres from a sand bed. The transport of fine grained martian dust is simulated by the detachment of hollow glass spheres which resemble low mass density dust aggregates observed to form during simulations when using Mars analogue material. The results agree well with observations of dust removal and wind speed measurements made by the NASA Viking landers at the martian surface. This work supports the suggestion that dust aggregate fragmentation allows wind induced dust entrainment at substantially lower wind shear than that of solid sand grains and has direct application to the study of global dust transport and martian climatology.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftIcarus
Vol/bind191
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)568-580
Antal sider13
ISSN0019-1035
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 15 nov. 2007

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