Decrease in Mucosal IL17A, IFNγ and IL10 Expressions in Active Crohn's Disease Patients Treated with High-Dose Vitamin Alone or Combined with Infliximab

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BACKGROUND: Vitamin D treatment may reduce Crohn's disease (CD) activity by modulating the mucosal immune function. We investigated if high-dose vitamin D +/- infliximab modulated the mucosal cytokine expression in active CD.

METHODS: Forty CD patients were randomized into: infliximab + vitamin D; infliximab + placebo-vitamin D; placebo-infliximab + vitamin D or placebo-infliximab + placebo-vitamin D. Infliximab (5 mg/kg) and placebo-infliximab were administered at weeks 0, 2 and 6. Oral vitamin D was administered as bolus 200,000 international units (IU) per week 0 followed by 20,000 IU/day for 7 weeks or placebo. Endoscopy with biopsies was performed at weeks 0 and 7 where endoscopic activity was measured and mucosal mRNA cytokine expression was examined. C-reactive protein (CRP), fecal calprotectin and Harvey-Bradshaw Index (HBI) were measured at weeks 0, 2 and 6.

RESULTS: High-dose vitamin D treatment alone and combined with infliximab decreased the IL17A, IFNγ and IL10 expression. High-dose vitamin D alone did not significantly decrease the disease activity, CRP or calprotectin. Combined infliximab and vitamin D treatment was not clinically significantly superior to monotherapy with infliximab.

CONCLUSIONS: High-dose vitamin D as monotherapy and combined with infliximab decreases IL17A, IFNγ and IL-10 expression in mucosa within treatment groups. This did not induce a statistically significant decreased disease activity. EudraCT no.2013-000971-34.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer3699
TidsskriftNutrients
Vol/bind12
Nummer12
Antal sider14
ISSN2072-6643
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2020

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