Decrease in catalase activity of Folsomia candida fed a Bt rice diet

Yiyang Yuan, Xin Ke, Fajun Chen, Paul Henning Krogh, Feng Ge

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    Abstract

    Here we report the effects of three Bt-rice varieties and their non-Bt conventional isolines on biological traits including survival, reproduction, and the activities of three antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase, in the Collembolan, Folsomia candida. The reproduction was significantly lower when fed Kemingdao and Huahui1 than those feeding on their non-GM near-isogenic varieties Xiushui and Minghui63 respectively, this can be explained by the differences of plant compositions depended on variety of rice. The catalase activity of F. candida was significantly lower when fed the Bt-rice variety Kemingdao compared to the near-isogenic non-Bt-rice variety Xiushui. This suggests that some Bt-rice varieties may impose environmental stress to collembolans. We emphasize that changes in activity of antioxidant enzymes of non-target organisms are important in understanding the ecological consequences for organisms inhabiting transgenic Bt-rice plantations.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftEnvironmental Pollution
    Vol/bind159
    Nummer12
    Sider (fra-til)3714-3720
    ISSN0269-7491
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - dec. 2011

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