Institut for Statskundskab

Cultural Persistence or Experiential Adaptation? A Review of Studies Using Immigrants to Examine the Roots of Trust

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/proceedingBidrag til bog/antologiForskningpeer review

Studying social trust of immigrants and descendants of immigrants provides leverage for testing key theories of the foundations of trust; specifically, whether trust is primarily a persistent cultural trait or, rather, a trait formed and updated by contemporary experiences. The analytical leverage comes from the fact that immigrants were born in (or, in the case of descendants, have ties with) one country, while residing in another country. If trust is a cultural trait, immigrants’ trust should continue to reflect trust in their ancestral country, whereas their trust should be aligned with trust of natives in their present country if trust is shaped by experiential conditioning. In this chapter we first review studies using immigrants to study the roots of trust. A key conclusion is that the results in this regard in part seems to be a function of destination country context, with studies conducted in the US primarily pointing towards cultural influence, while studies from other destination countries suggesting the primacy of experiential adaptation. Second, we critically discuss these previous studies and pinpoint a number of theoretical, methodological and substantive shortcomings as well as avenues for addressing these in future research. Third and finally, we provide new empirical evidence on the roots of trust—primarily suggesting that trust has experiential foundations—using a new dataset of immigrants from Sweden.
TitelThe Oxford Handbook of Social and Political Trust
RedaktørerEric M. Uslaner
Antal sider25
ForlagOxford University Press
ISBN (trykt)9780190274801
ISBN (Elektronisk)9780190274825
StatusUdgivet - 2018

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