Crystal structure of a eukaryotic phosphate transporter

Bjørn Panyella Pedersen, Hemant Kumar, Andrew B Waight, Aaron J Risenmay, Zygy Roe-Zurz, Bryant H Chau, Avner Schlessinger, Massimiliano Bonomi, William Harries, Andrej Sali, Atul K Johri, Robert M Stroud

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    Abstract

    Phosphate is crucial for structural and metabolic needs, including nucleotide and lipid synthesis, signalling and chemical energy storage. Proton-coupled transporters of the major facilitator superfamily (MFS) are essential for phosphate uptake in plants and fungi, and also have a function in sensing external phosphate levels as transceptors. Here we report the 2.9 Å structure of a fungal (Piriformospora indica) high-affinity phosphate transporter, PiPT, in an inward-facing occluded state, with bound phosphate visible in the membrane-buried binding site. The structure indicates both proton and phosphate exit pathways and suggests a modified asymmetrical 'rocker-switch' mechanism of phosphate transport. PiPT is related to several human transporter families, most notably the organic cation and anion transporters of the solute carrier family (SLC22), which are implicated in cancer-drug resistance. We modelled representative cation and anion SLC22 transporters based on the PiPT structure to surmise the structural basis for substrate binding and charge selectivity in this important family. The PiPT structure demonstrates and expands on principles of substrate transport by the MFS transporters and illuminates principles of phosphate uptake in particular.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftNature
    Vol/bind496
    Nummer7446
    Sider (fra-til)533-536
    Antal sider4
    ISSN0028-0836
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 25 apr. 2013

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