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Cradles and museums of generic plant diversity across tropical Africa

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Cradles and museums of generic plant diversity across tropical Africa. / Dagallier, Léo-Paul M J; Janssens, Steven B; Dauby, Gilles; Blach-Overgaard, Anne; Mackinder, Barbara A; Droissart, Vincent; Svenning, Jens-Christian; Sosef, Marc S M; Stévart, Tariq; Harris, David J; Sonké, Bonaventure; Wieringa, Jan J; Hardy, Olivier J; Couvreur, Thomas L P.

I: New Phytologist, Bind 225, Nr. 5, 03.2020, s. 2196-2213.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Dagallier, L-PMJ, Janssens, SB, Dauby, G, Blach-Overgaard, A, Mackinder, BA, Droissart, V, Svenning, J-C, Sosef, MSM, Stévart, T, Harris, DJ, Sonké, B, Wieringa, JJ, Hardy, OJ & Couvreur, TLP 2020, 'Cradles and museums of generic plant diversity across tropical Africa', New Phytologist, bind 225, nr. 5, s. 2196-2213. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16293

APA

Dagallier, L-P. M. J., Janssens, S. B., Dauby, G., Blach-Overgaard, A., Mackinder, B. A., Droissart, V., ... Couvreur, T. L. P. (2020). Cradles and museums of generic plant diversity across tropical Africa. New Phytologist, 225(5), 2196-2213. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16293

CBE

Dagallier L-PMJ, Janssens SB, Dauby G, Blach-Overgaard A, Mackinder BA, Droissart V, Svenning J-C, Sosef MSM, Stévart T, Harris DJ, Sonké B, Wieringa JJ, Hardy OJ, Couvreur TLP. 2020. Cradles and museums of generic plant diversity across tropical Africa. New Phytologist. 225(5):2196-2213. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16293

MLA

Dagallier, Léo-Paul M J o.a.. "Cradles and museums of generic plant diversity across tropical Africa". New Phytologist. 2020, 225(5). 2196-2213. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16293

Vancouver

Dagallier L-PMJ, Janssens SB, Dauby G, Blach-Overgaard A, Mackinder BA, Droissart V o.a. Cradles and museums of generic plant diversity across tropical Africa. New Phytologist. 2020 mar;225(5):2196-2213. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16293

Author

Dagallier, Léo-Paul M J ; Janssens, Steven B ; Dauby, Gilles ; Blach-Overgaard, Anne ; Mackinder, Barbara A ; Droissart, Vincent ; Svenning, Jens-Christian ; Sosef, Marc S M ; Stévart, Tariq ; Harris, David J ; Sonké, Bonaventure ; Wieringa, Jan J ; Hardy, Olivier J ; Couvreur, Thomas L P. / Cradles and museums of generic plant diversity across tropical Africa. I: New Phytologist. 2020 ; Bind 225, Nr. 5. s. 2196-2213.

Bibtex

@article{85a8602f03c84666b0f0fc1ad58bd317,
title = "Cradles and museums of generic plant diversity across tropical Africa",
abstract = "Determining where species diversify (cradles) and persist (museums) over evolutionary time is fundamental to understanding the distribution of biodiversity and for conservation prioritization. Here, we identify cradles and museums of angiosperm generic diversity across tropical Africa, one of the most biodiverse regions on Earth. Regions containing non-random concentrations of young (neo-) and old (paleo-) endemic taxa were identified using distribution data of 1719 genera combined with a newly generated time-calibrated mega-phylogenetic tree. We then compared the identified regions with the current network of African protected areas (PAs). At the generic level, phylogenetic diversity and endemism are mainly concentrated in the biogeographically complex region of Eastern Africa. We show that mountainous areas are centres of both neo- and paleo-endemism. In contrast, the Guineo-Congolian lowland rain forest region is characterised by widespread and old lineages. We found that overlap between centres of phylogenetic endemism and PAs is high (> 85{\%}). We show the vital role played by mountains acting simultaneously as cradles and museums of tropical African plant biodiversity. In contrast, lowland rain forests act mainly as museums for generic diversity. Our study shows that incorporating large-scale taxonomically verified distribution datasets and mega-phylogenies lead to an improved understanding of tropical plant biodiversity evolution.",
keywords = "CANAPE, East Africa, angiosperms, endemism, mountains, phylogenetic diversity, protected areas",
author = "Dagallier, {L{\'e}o-Paul M J} and Janssens, {Steven B} and Gilles Dauby and Anne Blach-Overgaard and Mackinder, {Barbara A} and Vincent Droissart and Jens-Christian Svenning and Sosef, {Marc S M} and Tariq St{\'e}vart and Harris, {David J} and Bonaventure Sonk{\'e} and Wieringa, {Jan J} and Hardy, {Olivier J} and Couvreur, {Thomas L P}",
note = "{\circledC} 2019 The Authors New Phytologist {\circledC} 2019 New Phytologist Trust.",
year = "2020",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1111/nph.16293",
language = "English",
volume = "225",
pages = "2196--2213",
journal = "New Phytologist",
issn = "0028-646X",
publisher = "Academic Press",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cradles and museums of generic plant diversity across tropical Africa

AU - Dagallier, Léo-Paul M J

AU - Janssens, Steven B

AU - Dauby, Gilles

AU - Blach-Overgaard, Anne

AU - Mackinder, Barbara A

AU - Droissart, Vincent

AU - Svenning, Jens-Christian

AU - Sosef, Marc S M

AU - Stévart, Tariq

AU - Harris, David J

AU - Sonké, Bonaventure

AU - Wieringa, Jan J

AU - Hardy, Olivier J

AU - Couvreur, Thomas L P

N1 - © 2019 The Authors New Phytologist © 2019 New Phytologist Trust.

PY - 2020/3

Y1 - 2020/3

N2 - Determining where species diversify (cradles) and persist (museums) over evolutionary time is fundamental to understanding the distribution of biodiversity and for conservation prioritization. Here, we identify cradles and museums of angiosperm generic diversity across tropical Africa, one of the most biodiverse regions on Earth. Regions containing non-random concentrations of young (neo-) and old (paleo-) endemic taxa were identified using distribution data of 1719 genera combined with a newly generated time-calibrated mega-phylogenetic tree. We then compared the identified regions with the current network of African protected areas (PAs). At the generic level, phylogenetic diversity and endemism are mainly concentrated in the biogeographically complex region of Eastern Africa. We show that mountainous areas are centres of both neo- and paleo-endemism. In contrast, the Guineo-Congolian lowland rain forest region is characterised by widespread and old lineages. We found that overlap between centres of phylogenetic endemism and PAs is high (> 85%). We show the vital role played by mountains acting simultaneously as cradles and museums of tropical African plant biodiversity. In contrast, lowland rain forests act mainly as museums for generic diversity. Our study shows that incorporating large-scale taxonomically verified distribution datasets and mega-phylogenies lead to an improved understanding of tropical plant biodiversity evolution.

AB - Determining where species diversify (cradles) and persist (museums) over evolutionary time is fundamental to understanding the distribution of biodiversity and for conservation prioritization. Here, we identify cradles and museums of angiosperm generic diversity across tropical Africa, one of the most biodiverse regions on Earth. Regions containing non-random concentrations of young (neo-) and old (paleo-) endemic taxa were identified using distribution data of 1719 genera combined with a newly generated time-calibrated mega-phylogenetic tree. We then compared the identified regions with the current network of African protected areas (PAs). At the generic level, phylogenetic diversity and endemism are mainly concentrated in the biogeographically complex region of Eastern Africa. We show that mountainous areas are centres of both neo- and paleo-endemism. In contrast, the Guineo-Congolian lowland rain forest region is characterised by widespread and old lineages. We found that overlap between centres of phylogenetic endemism and PAs is high (> 85%). We show the vital role played by mountains acting simultaneously as cradles and museums of tropical African plant biodiversity. In contrast, lowland rain forests act mainly as museums for generic diversity. Our study shows that incorporating large-scale taxonomically verified distribution datasets and mega-phylogenies lead to an improved understanding of tropical plant biodiversity evolution.

KW - CANAPE

KW - East Africa

KW - angiosperms

KW - endemism

KW - mountains

KW - phylogenetic diversity

KW - protected areas

U2 - 10.1111/nph.16293

DO - 10.1111/nph.16293

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31665816

VL - 225

SP - 2196

EP - 2213

JO - New Phytologist

JF - New Phytologist

SN - 0028-646X

IS - 5

ER -