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Coupling of receptor interference and a host-dependent post-binding entry deficiency in a gammaretroviral envelope protein

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Coupling of receptor interference and a host-dependent post-binding entry deficiency in a gammaretroviral envelope protein. / Bahrami, Shervin; Ejegod, Ditte; Sørensen, Karina Dalsgaard; Pedersen, Finn Skou.

I: Retrovirology, Bind 7, Nr. 9, 2010.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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@article{d7d638f0163611dfb95d000ea68e967b,
title = "Coupling of receptor interference and a host-dependent post-binding entry deficiency in a gammaretroviral envelope protein",
abstract = "ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: SL3-2 is a unique polytropic murine gammaretroviral isolate that is only able to infect murine cells. We have previously shown that two mutations R212G and T213I located on the surface of the receptor binding domain in a region designated the VR3 loop can alter the species tropism of this envelope protein. This location suggests that the VR3 loop composition has an influence on receptor interaction and thereby affects binding as well as superinfection resistance. In order to investigate this further, we have studied the binding and interference patterns of the SL3-2 envelope and its mutants. RESULTS: We find unexpectedly that wild type SL3-2 envelope binds equally well to both permissive and non-permissive cells, indicating a post binding defect when interacting with the human Xpr1. Using replication competent viruses containing envelopes from SL3-2 or its mutants we find that the same amino acid mutations can dramatically alter the interference profile of this polytropic ENV, suggesting that the same amino acid changes that cause the post binding defect also influence interaction with the receptor. CONCLUSIONS: The envelope protein of SL3-2 MLV shows an entry defect on non-murine cells. This is coupled to a dramatically reduced ability to interfere with entry of other polytropic viruses. Two point mutations in the VR3 loop of the receptor binding domain of this envelope result both in a much increased interference ability and in removing the post-binding defect on non-murine cells, suggesting that both of these phenotypes are a consequence of insufficient interaction between the envelope and the receptor.",
author = "Shervin Bahrami and Ditte Ejegod and S{\o}rensen, {Karina Dalsgaard} and Pedersen, {Finn Skou}",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1186/1742-4690-7-9",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Retrovirology",
issn = "1742-4690",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Coupling of receptor interference and a host-dependent post-binding entry deficiency in a gammaretroviral envelope protein

AU - Bahrami, Shervin

AU - Ejegod, Ditte

AU - Sørensen, Karina Dalsgaard

AU - Pedersen, Finn Skou

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: SL3-2 is a unique polytropic murine gammaretroviral isolate that is only able to infect murine cells. We have previously shown that two mutations R212G and T213I located on the surface of the receptor binding domain in a region designated the VR3 loop can alter the species tropism of this envelope protein. This location suggests that the VR3 loop composition has an influence on receptor interaction and thereby affects binding as well as superinfection resistance. In order to investigate this further, we have studied the binding and interference patterns of the SL3-2 envelope and its mutants. RESULTS: We find unexpectedly that wild type SL3-2 envelope binds equally well to both permissive and non-permissive cells, indicating a post binding defect when interacting with the human Xpr1. Using replication competent viruses containing envelopes from SL3-2 or its mutants we find that the same amino acid mutations can dramatically alter the interference profile of this polytropic ENV, suggesting that the same amino acid changes that cause the post binding defect also influence interaction with the receptor. CONCLUSIONS: The envelope protein of SL3-2 MLV shows an entry defect on non-murine cells. This is coupled to a dramatically reduced ability to interfere with entry of other polytropic viruses. Two point mutations in the VR3 loop of the receptor binding domain of this envelope result both in a much increased interference ability and in removing the post-binding defect on non-murine cells, suggesting that both of these phenotypes are a consequence of insufficient interaction between the envelope and the receptor.

AB - ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: SL3-2 is a unique polytropic murine gammaretroviral isolate that is only able to infect murine cells. We have previously shown that two mutations R212G and T213I located on the surface of the receptor binding domain in a region designated the VR3 loop can alter the species tropism of this envelope protein. This location suggests that the VR3 loop composition has an influence on receptor interaction and thereby affects binding as well as superinfection resistance. In order to investigate this further, we have studied the binding and interference patterns of the SL3-2 envelope and its mutants. RESULTS: We find unexpectedly that wild type SL3-2 envelope binds equally well to both permissive and non-permissive cells, indicating a post binding defect when interacting with the human Xpr1. Using replication competent viruses containing envelopes from SL3-2 or its mutants we find that the same amino acid mutations can dramatically alter the interference profile of this polytropic ENV, suggesting that the same amino acid changes that cause the post binding defect also influence interaction with the receptor. CONCLUSIONS: The envelope protein of SL3-2 MLV shows an entry defect on non-murine cells. This is coupled to a dramatically reduced ability to interfere with entry of other polytropic viruses. Two point mutations in the VR3 loop of the receptor binding domain of this envelope result both in a much increased interference ability and in removing the post-binding defect on non-murine cells, suggesting that both of these phenotypes are a consequence of insufficient interaction between the envelope and the receptor.

U2 - 10.1186/1742-4690-7-9

DO - 10.1186/1742-4690-7-9

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 20137084

VL - 7

JO - Retrovirology

JF - Retrovirology

SN - 1742-4690

IS - 9

ER -