Cortical Bone Modifications after Radiotherapy: Cortex Porosity and Osteonal Changes Evaluated Over Time

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  • Juliana Simeão Borges, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Brazil, Brasilien
  • Gustavo Davi Rabelo, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
  • ,
  • Milena Suemi Irie, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Brazil, Brasilien
  • João Lucas Carvalho Paz, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Brazil, Brasilien
  • Rubens Spin-Neto
  • Priscilla Barbosa Ferreira Soares, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Brazil, Brasilien

Aiming to evaluate cortical bone microarchitecture and osteonal morphology after irradiation, twelve male New Zealand rabbits were used. The animals were divided: control group (no radiation-NIr); and 3 irradiated groups, sacrificed after: 7 (Ir7d); 14 (Ir14d) and 21 (Ir21d) days. A single radiation dose of 30 Gy was used. Computed microtomography analyzed the cortical microarchitecture: cortical thickness (CtTh), bone volume (BV), total porosity (Ct.Po), intracortical porosity (CtPo-cl), channel/pore number (Po.N), fractal dimension (FD) and degree of anisotropy (Ct.DA). After scan, osteonal morphology was histologically assessed by means: area and perimeter of the osteons (O.Ar; O.p) and of the Haversian canals (C.Ar; C.p). Microtomographic analysis were performed by ANOVA, followed by Tukey and Dunnet tests. Osteon morphology analyses were performed by Kruskal-Wallis, and test Dunn's. Cortical thickness was significant difference (p<0.010) between the NIr and irradiated groups, with thicker cortex at Ir7d (1.15±0.09). The intracortical porosity revealed significant difference (p<0.001) between irradiated groups and NIr, with lower value for Ir7d (0.29±0.09). Bone volume was lower in Ir14d compared to control. Area and perimeter of the osteons were statistically different (p<0.0001) between NIr and Ir7d. Haversian canals also revealed lower values (p<0.0001) in Ir7d (80.57±9.3; 31.63±6.5) compared to NIr and irradiated groups. Cortical microarchitecture was affected by radiation, and the effects appear to be time-dependent, mostly regarding the osteons morphology at the initial days. Cortex structure in Ir21d revealed similarities to control suggesting that microarchitecture resembles normal condition after a period.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBrazilian Dental Journal
Vol/bind32
Nummer1
Sider (fra-til)9-15
Antal sider7
ISSN0103-6440
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2021

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