Coronary Artery Stenosis Evaluation by Angiography-Derived FFR: Validation by Positron Emission Tomography and Invasive Thermodilution

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) derived from invasive coronary angiography (QFR) is promising for evaluation of intermediate coronary artery stenosis.

OBJECTIVES: The authors aimed to compare the diagnostic performance of QFR and the guideline-recommended invasive FFR using 82Rubidium positron emission tomography ( 82Rb-PET) myocardial perfusion imaging as reference standard.

METHODS: This is a prospective, observational study of symptomatic patients with suspected obstructive coronary artery disease on coronary computed tomography angiography (≥50% diameter stenosis in ≥1 vessel). All patients were referred to 82Rb-PET and invasive coronary angiography with FFR and QFR assessment of all intermediate (30%-90% diameter stenosis) stenoses. Main analyses included a comparison of the ability of QFR and FFR to identify reduced myocardial blood flow (<2 mL/g/min) during vasodilation and/or relative perfusion abnormalities (summed stress score ≥4 in ≥2 adjacent segments).

RESULTS: A total of 250 patients (320 vessels) with indication for invasive physiological assessment were included. The continuous relationship of 82Rb-PET stress myocardial blood flow per 0.10 increase in FFR was +0.14 mL/g/min (95% CI: 0.07-0.21 mL/g/min) and +0.08 mL/g/min (95% CI: 0.02-0.14 mL/g/min) per 0.10 QFR increase. Using 82Rb-PET as reference, QFR and FFR had similar diagnostic performance on both a per-patient level (accuracy: 73%; 95% CI: 67-79; vs accuracy: 71%; 95% CI: 64-78) and per-vessel level (accuracy: 70%; 95% CI: 64-75; vs accuracy: 68%; 95% CI: 62-73). The per-vessel feasibility was 84% (95% CI: 80-88) for QFR and 88% (95% CI: 85-92) for FFR by intention-to-diagnose analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: With 82Rb-PET as reference modality, the wire-free QFR solution showed similar diagnostic accuracy as invasive FFR in evaluation of intermediate coronary stenosis. (DAN-NICAD - Danish Study of Non-Invasive Diagnostic Testing in Coronary Artery Disease; NCT02264717).

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
Vol/bind16
Nummer10
Sider (fra-til)1321-1331
Antal sider11
ISSN1936-878X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2023

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