Coping strategies in adolescence and labour-market participation in young adulthood: A prospective birth cohort study

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  • Lea Billeskov, Research Centre for Youth and Employment, Regional Hospital West Jutland, University Research Clinic, Herning, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Merete Labriola, Center for Social Medicine, Frederiksberg and Bispebjerg Hospital, Nordre Fasanvej 57, 2000 Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Cecilie L Stabell, Research Centre for Youth and Employment, Regional Hospital West Jutland, University Research Clinic, Herning, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Mathilde H Dieckmann, Research Centre for Youth and Employment, Regional Hospital West Jutland, University Research Clinic, Herning, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Nanna H Jensen
  • Trine N Winding
  • Johan H Andersen
  • Louise Lindholdt
  • Claus D Hansen, Department of Sociology and Social Work, Aalborg University, Aalborg University, Kroghstræde 5, DK 9220, Aalborg Ø, Denmark. clausdh@socsci.aau.dk
  • ,
  • Thomas Lund

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate whether coping strategies in adolescence (14-15 years of age) were associated with labour-market participation (LMP) in young adulthood (25-26 years of age) and whether the association differed by sex. Methods: A birth cohort from the former county of Ringkjoebing, Denmark, consisting of 2826 individuals, comprised the study population. In 2004, the study population completed a questionnaire from which information about coping and covariates were gathered. Coping strategies were measured using five sub-scales of the Brief COPE Scale, which were combined into two overall coping strategies: active coping and avoidant coping. Ten years later, the participants were followed for a 52-week period in a register on social benefits. Logistic regression was applied to data, with adjustment for covariates: sex, parents' socio-economic status (education and income) and self-rated health. Results: A total of 2203 (78%) participants were categorised as high LMP at follow-up. No significant associations were found between active coping in adolescence and LMP in 2014/2015. For avoidant coping, in the fully adjusted model, medium-level avoidant coping was associated with higher odds (odds ratio (OR)=1.02 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.83-1.25) of high LMP. For low avoidant coping, the OR was 1.37 (95% 1.07-1.75). For both coping strategies, sex did not modify the association. Conclusions: Findings showed that avoidant coping was significantly associated with high LMP. Further research is needed to investigate coping in relation to specific problem areas.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
BogserieScandinavian Journal of Public Health
Vol/bind48
Nummer5
Sider (fra-til)537-543
Antal sider7
ISSN1403-4956
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2020

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