Copeptin levels increase in response to both insulin-induced hypoglycemia and arginine but not to clonidine: data from GH-stimulation tests

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of the polyuria-polydipsia syndrome is challenging. Copeptin is a robust biomarker of arginine vasopressin (AVP) secretion. Arginine, which stimulates growth hormone (GH), has been shown also to stimulate copeptin secretion via unknown mechanisms.

AIM: The aim was to investigate copeptin levels in response to three different GH stimulation tests in patients suspected of GH deficiency.

METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we measured plasma copeptin levels at baseline and at 60, 105, and 150 min in patients undergoing a stimulation test for growth hormone deficiency with either arginine (n = 16), clonidine (n = 8) or the insulin tolerance test (ITT) (n = 10).

RESULTS: In patients undergoing the arginine test, the mean age was 9 years, and 10 years for clonidine. The ITT was only performed in adult patients (>18 years) with a mean age of 49 years. Copeptin level increased significantly from baseline to 60 min after arginine (P <0.01) and ITT (P < 0.01). By contrast, copeptin level tended to decrease after clonidine stimulation (P = 0.14).

CONCLUSION: These data support that infusion of arginine increases plasma copeptin levels and reveal a comparable response after an ITT. We hypothesize that the underlying mechanism is abrogation of somatostatin-induced AVP suppression.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere230042
TidsskriftEndocrine Connections
Vol/bind12
Nummer11
Antal sider7
ISSN2049-3614
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2023

Fingeraftryk

Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Copeptin levels increase in response to both insulin-induced hypoglycemia and arginine but not to clonidine: data from GH-stimulation tests'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

Citationsformater