Contrasting seed moisture sorption behaviour between two species and the implication for seed longevity

Shabnam Rezaei, Julia Buitink, Fiona Hay*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Understanding seed moisture desorption and adsorption isotherms is important for seed quality maintenance and better predicting seed storage lifespan. Freshly harvested oilseed rape and barley seeds were dried and then rehydrated twice. Seed equilibrium relative humidity (eRH) and moisture content (MC) were determined at different humidity levels so that two cycles of desorption and adsorption could be constructed. In addition, seeds were dried to 30% RH and then rehydrated to 50% RH for five cycles to determine whether they shift to the adsorption isotherm. Monolayer MC was determined using the Gugenheim-Anderson-de Boer model. Storage experiments were conducted for seeds equilibrated at 30, 40, 50, 60 and 70% RH for two cycles of desorption and adsorption at 45°C. Isotherm curves' shapes were similar for oilseed rape and barley, although spanning a greater MC range in barley. The hysteresis effect was observed for oilseed rape and barley seeds when dried over silica gel at <10% RH. However, this effect was only observed for barley seeds when dried to 30% RH, but not for oilseed rape seeds. Longevity was greater for adsorbing seeds than desorbing seeds at a given eRH, however, there was no significant difference in σ (the standard deviation of the normal distribution of seed deaths over time)-MC log-log relationship. The relationship shifted for seeds on the second cycle. In conclusion, if seed lots are stored at a specific RH, reaching equilibrium by desorption or adsorption can strongly influence their longevity. Also, when seeds of different species are dried to low RH, they will respond differently to a subsequent increase in RH, which could profoundly affect their longevity.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftSeed Science Research
Vol/bind33
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)126-134
Antal sider9
ISSN0960-2585
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2023

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