Institut for Statskundskab

Command-And-Control or Taxation? The Cases of Water Regulation in California and Denmark

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


  • Christina Oh, Communications Manager of Worldwide Public Affairs, The Walt Disney Company, USA
  • Gert Tinggaard Svendsen
California and Denmark are both facing water scarcity issues as demand has increased and supply has decreased over the years. In order to solve this problem these two actors have chosen very different ways of dealing with sustaining an adequate amount of domestic water supply. California has chosen an ineffective command-and-control (CAC) tool, whereas Denmark has chosen the effective tool of taxation. One main explanation for this variation in policy choice is the variation in institutional setups, namely the corporatist route in Denmark versus the pluralistic route in California.
TidsskriftEnvironmental Management and Sustainable Development
Sider (fra-til)141-151
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 2015


  • California, Denmark, Command and control, Taxation, Pluralism, Water regulation

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