Aims: The aim of this study is to examine whether colchicine improves β adrenoceptor-mediated vasodilation in humans by conducting a double-blinded, placebo-controlled intervention study. Colchicine treatment has known beneficial effects on cardiovascular health and reduces the incidence of cardiovascular disease. Studies in isolated rodent arteries have shown that colchicine can enhance β adrenoceptor-mediated vasodilation, but this has not been determined in humans. Methods: Middle-aged men with essential hypertension were randomly assigned firstly to acute treatment with either 0.5 mg colchicine (n = 19) or placebo (n = 12). They were subsequently re-randomized for 3 weeks of treatment with either colchicine 0.5 mg twice daily (n = 16) or placebo (n = 15) followed by a washout period of 48–72 h. The vasodilator responses to isoprenaline, acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside were determined as well as arterial pressure, arterial compliance and plasma inflammatory markers. Results: Acute colchicine treatment increased isoprenaline (by 38% for the highest dose) as well as sodium nitroprusside (by 29% main effect) -induced vasodilation but had no effect on the response to acetylcholine. The 3-week colchicine treatment followed by a washout period did not induce an accumulated or sustained effect on the β adrenoceptor response, and there was no effect on arterial pressure, arterial compliance or the level of measured inflammatory markers. Conclusion: Colchicine acutely enhances β adrenoceptor- and nitric oxide-mediated changes in vascular conductance in humans, supporting that the mechanism previously demonstrated in rodents, translates to humans. The results provide novel translational evidence for a transient enhancing effect of colchicine on β adrenoceptor-mediated vasodilation in humans with essential hypertension. Condensed abstract: Preclinical studies in isolated rodent arteries have shown that colchicine can enhance β adrenoceptor-mediated vasodilation. Here we show that this effect of colchicine can be translated to humans. Acute colchicine treatment was found to increase both isoprenaline- and sodium nitroprusside-induced vasodilation. The study provides the first translational evidence for a transient β adrenoceptor-mediated vasodilatory effect of colchicine in humans. The finding of an acute effect suggests that it may be clinically important to maintain an adequate bioavailability of colchicine.