Clinical Outcome of a Cross-Sectorial Lung Team Treating Patients with COPD at High Risk of Exacerbation: A Randomized Controlled Trial

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In addition to the financial burden, acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) also has a negative impact on health status and disease progression for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of affiliation to a cross-sectorial lung team (CLT) on hospitalization and length of hospital stay for patients with COPD and ≥ one severe or two moderate AECOPD events within a year. We conducted a randomized clinical trial between 2017 and 2020. Participants were randomly assigned 1:1 for one year to CLT or usual care (UC). The CLT was available for telephone calls and home visits day and night on the request from patients, and the CLT could initiate home treatment. In total, 56 patients were affiliated to the CLT (Mean: age 71.6 years, FEV1 37.1%) and 57 patients received UC (Mean: age 71.5 years, FEV1; 33.6%). Patients affiliated to the CLT had on average fewer hospitalizations due to AECOPD than patients receiving UC (CLT: 0.59 (95% CI: 0.35; 0.83 - UC: 1.86 (95% CI: 1.12; 2.20; p = 0.002). Patients affiliated to the CLT also had shorter hospital stay on average due to AECOPD (CLT: 3.27(95% CI: 2.39; 4.15–UC: 4.47 (95% CI: 3.70; 5.24; (p = 0.045). No significant difference in number of severe adverse events, including death, was observed between groups. Affiliation to the CLT seemed safe and reduced both hospitalizations and length of hospital stay related to AECOPD compared to UC.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Vol/bind18
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)201-209
Antal sider9
ISSN1178-2005
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2021

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