Clinical assessment, management, and rehabilitation of walking impairment in MS: an expert review

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review

  • Bernardita Soler, Hospital Doctor Sótero Del Río, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
  • ,
  • Cintia Ramari, University of Brasilia, Brazil
  • ,
  • Maxime Valet, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Université catholique de Louvain
  • ,
  • Ulrik Dalgas
  • Peter Feys, Hasselt University

Introduction One of the most common and life-altering consequences of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is walking impairment. The distance, speed, and Gait pattern functions are components of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) and are also predictors of dependency in terms of daily living activities in patients with MS (pwMS). Areas covered This article provides an overview of walking impairment in pwMS, with focus on the assessment of gait and the rehabilitation approaches. Expert opinion The authors recommend that pwMS undergo gait assessment integrating the ICF perspective using validated clinical outcome measures that cover spatiotemporal gait parameters. Moreover, assessment of walking speed with short walking capacity tests such as the timed 25-foot walk (T25FW) or the 10-m walk test (10 MWT) and tests for walking distance with middle distance tests such as the 2-min walk test (2MWT) and the 6-min walk test (6MWT). This review further highlights strategies that may restore walking function including pharmacological symptomatic treatment and non-pharmacological rehabilitation approaches such as exercise and task-specific training providing an appraisal of mobility targeted therapies to be considered when planning multidisciplinary comprehensive-care of pwMS. Finally, new and novel strategies such as motor imagery and rhythmic auditory stimulation have been developed to improve walking speed and distance in pwMS.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftExpert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Vol/bind20
Nummer8
Sider (fra-til)875-886
Antal sider12
ISSN1473-7175
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2020

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