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Climatic controls of decomposition drive the global biogeography of forest-tree symbioses

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Standard

Climatic controls of decomposition drive the global biogeography of forest-tree symbioses. / Steidinger, B. S.; Crowther, T. W.; Liang, J.; Van Nuland, M. E.; Werner, G. D.A.; Reich, P. B.; Nabuurs, G.; de-Miguel, S.; Zhou, M.; Picard, N.; Herault, B.; Zhao, X.; Zhang, C.; Routh, D.; Peay, K. G.; GFBI consortium.

I: Nature, Bind 569, Nr. 7756, 2019, s. 404-408.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisLetterForskningpeer review

Harvard

Steidinger, BS, Crowther, TW, Liang, J, Van Nuland, ME, Werner, GDA, Reich, PB, Nabuurs, G, de-Miguel, S, Zhou, M, Picard, N, Herault, B, Zhao, X, Zhang, C, Routh, D, Peay, KG & GFBI consortium 2019, 'Climatic controls of decomposition drive the global biogeography of forest-tree symbioses', Nature, bind 569, nr. 7756, s. 404-408. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1128-0

APA

Steidinger, B. S., Crowther, T. W., Liang, J., Van Nuland, M. E., Werner, G. D. A., Reich, P. B., Nabuurs, G., de-Miguel, S., Zhou, M., Picard, N., Herault, B., Zhao, X., Zhang, C., Routh, D., Peay, K. G., & GFBI consortium (2019). Climatic controls of decomposition drive the global biogeography of forest-tree symbioses. Nature, 569(7756), 404-408. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1128-0

CBE

Steidinger BS, Crowther TW, Liang J, Van Nuland ME, Werner GDA, Reich PB, Nabuurs G, de-Miguel S, Zhou M, Picard N, Herault B, Zhao X, Zhang C, Routh D, Peay KG, GFBI consortium. 2019. Climatic controls of decomposition drive the global biogeography of forest-tree symbioses. Nature. 569(7756):404-408. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1128-0

MLA

Vancouver

Steidinger BS, Crowther TW, Liang J, Van Nuland ME, Werner GDA, Reich PB o.a. Climatic controls of decomposition drive the global biogeography of forest-tree symbioses. Nature. 2019;569(7756):404-408. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1128-0

Author

Steidinger, B. S. ; Crowther, T. W. ; Liang, J. ; Van Nuland, M. E. ; Werner, G. D.A. ; Reich, P. B. ; Nabuurs, G. ; de-Miguel, S. ; Zhou, M. ; Picard, N. ; Herault, B. ; Zhao, X. ; Zhang, C. ; Routh, D. ; Peay, K. G. ; GFBI consortium. / Climatic controls of decomposition drive the global biogeography of forest-tree symbioses. I: Nature. 2019 ; Bind 569, Nr. 7756. s. 404-408.

Bibtex

@article{cda04755b115433c9f325db6baaabf75,
title = "Climatic controls of decomposition drive the global biogeography of forest-tree symbioses",
abstract = " The identity of the dominant root-associated microbial symbionts in a forest determines the ability of trees to access limiting nutrients from atmospheric or soil pools 1,2 , sequester carbon 3,4 and withstand the effects of climate change 5,6 . Characterizing the global distribution of these symbioses and identifying the factors that control this distribution are thus integral to understanding the present and future functioning of forest ecosystems. Here we generate a spatially explicit global map of the symbiotic status of forests, using a database of over 1.1 million forest inventory plots that collectively contain over 28,000 tree species. Our analyses indicate that climate variables—in particular, climatically controlled variation in the rate of decomposition—are the primary drivers of the global distribution of major symbioses. We estimate that ectomycorrhizal trees, which represent only 2% of all plant species 7 , constitute approximately 60% of tree stems on Earth. Ectomycorrhizal symbiosis dominates forests in which seasonally cold and dry climates inhibit decomposition, and is the predominant form of symbiosis at high latitudes and elevation. By contrast, arbuscular mycorrhizal trees dominate in aseasonal, warm tropical forests, and occur with ectomycorrhizal trees in temperate biomes in which seasonally warm-and-wet climates enhance decomposition. Continental transitions between forests dominated by ectomycorrhizal or arbuscular mycorrhizal trees occur relatively abruptly along climate-driven decomposition gradients; these transitions are probably caused by positive feedback effects between plants and microorganisms. Symbiotic nitrogen fixers—which are insensitive to climatic controls on decomposition (compared with mycorrhizal fungi)—are most abundant in arid biomes with alkaline soils and high maximum temperatures. The climatically driven global symbiosis gradient that we document provides a spatially explicit quantitative understanding of microbial symbioses at the global scale, and demonstrates the critical role of microbial mutualisms in shaping the distribution of plant species. ",
author = "Steidinger, {B. S.} and Crowther, {T. W.} and J. Liang and {Van Nuland}, {M. E.} and Werner, {G. D.A.} and Reich, {P. B.} and G. Nabuurs and S. de-Miguel and M. Zhou and N. Picard and B. Herault and X. Zhao and C. Zhang and D. Routh and Peay, {K. G.} and Meinrad Abegg and Adou Yao, {C.  Yves} and Giorgio Alberti and Angelica Almeyda Zambrano and Esteban Alvarez-Davila and Patricia Alvarez-Loayza and Alves, {Luciana F.} and Christian Ammer and Clara Ant{\'o}n-Fern{\'a}ndez and Alejandro Araujo-Murakami and Luzmila Arroyo and Valerio Avitabile and Gerardo Aymard and Timothy Baker and Radomir Ba{\l}azy and Olaf Banki and Jorcely Barroso and Meredith Bastian and Bastin, {Jean Francois} and Luca Birigazzi and Philippe Birnbaum and Robert Bitariho and Pascal Boeckx and Frans Bongers and Olivier Bouriaud and Brancalion, {Pedro H H.S.} and Susanne Brandl and Brearley, {Francis Q.} and Roel Brienen and Eben Broadbent and Helge Bruelheide and Filippo Bussotti and Roberto Cazzolla Gatti and Serra-Diaz, {Josep M.} and Svenning, {Jens Christian} and {GFBI consortium}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1038/s41586-019-1128-0",
language = "English",
volume = "569",
pages = "404--408",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "7756",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Climatic controls of decomposition drive the global biogeography of forest-tree symbioses

AU - Steidinger, B. S.

AU - Crowther, T. W.

AU - Liang, J.

AU - Van Nuland, M. E.

AU - Werner, G. D.A.

AU - Reich, P. B.

AU - Nabuurs, G.

AU - de-Miguel, S.

AU - Zhou, M.

AU - Picard, N.

AU - Herault, B.

AU - Zhao, X.

AU - Zhang, C.

AU - Routh, D.

AU - Peay, K. G.

AU - Abegg, Meinrad

AU - Adou Yao, C.  Yves

AU - Alberti, Giorgio

AU - Almeyda Zambrano, Angelica

AU - Alvarez-Davila, Esteban

AU - Alvarez-Loayza, Patricia

AU - Alves, Luciana F.

AU - Ammer, Christian

AU - Antón-Fernández, Clara

AU - Araujo-Murakami, Alejandro

AU - Arroyo, Luzmila

AU - Avitabile, Valerio

AU - Aymard, Gerardo

AU - Baker, Timothy

AU - Bałazy, Radomir

AU - Banki, Olaf

AU - Barroso, Jorcely

AU - Bastian, Meredith

AU - Bastin, Jean Francois

AU - Birigazzi, Luca

AU - Birnbaum, Philippe

AU - Bitariho, Robert

AU - Boeckx, Pascal

AU - Bongers, Frans

AU - Bouriaud, Olivier

AU - Brancalion, Pedro H H.S.

AU - Brandl, Susanne

AU - Brearley, Francis Q.

AU - Brienen, Roel

AU - Broadbent, Eben

AU - Bruelheide, Helge

AU - Bussotti, Filippo

AU - Cazzolla Gatti, Roberto

AU - Serra-Diaz, Josep M.

AU - Svenning, Jens Christian

AU - GFBI consortium

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The identity of the dominant root-associated microbial symbionts in a forest determines the ability of trees to access limiting nutrients from atmospheric or soil pools 1,2 , sequester carbon 3,4 and withstand the effects of climate change 5,6 . Characterizing the global distribution of these symbioses and identifying the factors that control this distribution are thus integral to understanding the present and future functioning of forest ecosystems. Here we generate a spatially explicit global map of the symbiotic status of forests, using a database of over 1.1 million forest inventory plots that collectively contain over 28,000 tree species. Our analyses indicate that climate variables—in particular, climatically controlled variation in the rate of decomposition—are the primary drivers of the global distribution of major symbioses. We estimate that ectomycorrhizal trees, which represent only 2% of all plant species 7 , constitute approximately 60% of tree stems on Earth. Ectomycorrhizal symbiosis dominates forests in which seasonally cold and dry climates inhibit decomposition, and is the predominant form of symbiosis at high latitudes and elevation. By contrast, arbuscular mycorrhizal trees dominate in aseasonal, warm tropical forests, and occur with ectomycorrhizal trees in temperate biomes in which seasonally warm-and-wet climates enhance decomposition. Continental transitions between forests dominated by ectomycorrhizal or arbuscular mycorrhizal trees occur relatively abruptly along climate-driven decomposition gradients; these transitions are probably caused by positive feedback effects between plants and microorganisms. Symbiotic nitrogen fixers—which are insensitive to climatic controls on decomposition (compared with mycorrhizal fungi)—are most abundant in arid biomes with alkaline soils and high maximum temperatures. The climatically driven global symbiosis gradient that we document provides a spatially explicit quantitative understanding of microbial symbioses at the global scale, and demonstrates the critical role of microbial mutualisms in shaping the distribution of plant species.

AB - The identity of the dominant root-associated microbial symbionts in a forest determines the ability of trees to access limiting nutrients from atmospheric or soil pools 1,2 , sequester carbon 3,4 and withstand the effects of climate change 5,6 . Characterizing the global distribution of these symbioses and identifying the factors that control this distribution are thus integral to understanding the present and future functioning of forest ecosystems. Here we generate a spatially explicit global map of the symbiotic status of forests, using a database of over 1.1 million forest inventory plots that collectively contain over 28,000 tree species. Our analyses indicate that climate variables—in particular, climatically controlled variation in the rate of decomposition—are the primary drivers of the global distribution of major symbioses. We estimate that ectomycorrhizal trees, which represent only 2% of all plant species 7 , constitute approximately 60% of tree stems on Earth. Ectomycorrhizal symbiosis dominates forests in which seasonally cold and dry climates inhibit decomposition, and is the predominant form of symbiosis at high latitudes and elevation. By contrast, arbuscular mycorrhizal trees dominate in aseasonal, warm tropical forests, and occur with ectomycorrhizal trees in temperate biomes in which seasonally warm-and-wet climates enhance decomposition. Continental transitions between forests dominated by ectomycorrhizal or arbuscular mycorrhizal trees occur relatively abruptly along climate-driven decomposition gradients; these transitions are probably caused by positive feedback effects between plants and microorganisms. Symbiotic nitrogen fixers—which are insensitive to climatic controls on decomposition (compared with mycorrhizal fungi)—are most abundant in arid biomes with alkaline soils and high maximum temperatures. The climatically driven global symbiosis gradient that we document provides a spatially explicit quantitative understanding of microbial symbioses at the global scale, and demonstrates the critical role of microbial mutualisms in shaping the distribution of plant species.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065790614&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41586-019-1128-0

DO - 10.1038/s41586-019-1128-0

M3 - Letter

C2 - 31092941

AN - SCOPUS:85065790614

VL - 569

SP - 404

EP - 408

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 7756

ER -