BACKGROUND: The hemodynamic effects of aortic arch vessel (AAV) clamping during normothermic regional perfusion (NRP) in donation after circulatory death is unknown. We investigated effects of AAV clamping during NRP compared with no clamping in a porcine model.
METHODS: In 16 pigs, hemodynamic parameters were recorded including biventricular pressure-volume measurements and invasive blood pressure. Additionally, blood gas parameters and inflammatory cytokines were used to assess the effect of AAV clamping. The animals were centrally cannulated for NRP, and baseline measurements were obtained before hypoxic circulatory arrest was induced by halting mechanical ventilation. During an 8-min asystole period, the animals were randomized to clamp (n = 8) or no-clamp (n = 8) of the AAV before commencement of NRP. During NRP, circulation was supported with norepinephrine (NE) and dobutamine. After 30 min of NRP, animals were weaned and observed for 180 min post-NRP.
RESULTS: All hearts were successfully reanimated and weaned from NRP. The nonclamp groups received significantly more NE to maintain a mean arterial pressure >60 mm Hg during and after NRP compared with the clamp group. There were no between group differences in blood pressure or cardiac output. Pressure-volume measurements demonstrated preserved cardiac function' including ejection fraction and diastolic and systolic function. No between group differences in inflammatory markers were observed.
CONCLUSION: AAV clamping did not negatively affect donor cardiac function or inflammation after circulatory death and NRP. Significantly less NE was used to support in the clamp group than in the nonclamp group.