Characterization of aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans serotype b strains with five different, including two novel, leukotoxin promoter structures

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  • Rolf Claesson, Umeå University
  • ,
  • Huei Min Chiang, Umeå University
  • ,
  • Mark Lindholm, Umeå University
  • ,
  • Carola Höglund Åberg, Umeå University
  • ,
  • Dorte Haubek
  • Anders Johansson, Umeå University
  • ,
  • Jan Oscarsson, Umeå University

The JP2 genotype of A. actinomycetemcomitans, serotype b has attracted much interest during the past three decades due to its close association with periodontitis in young individuals and the enhanced expression of a leukotoxin (LtxA). A typical feature of this genotype is a 530-base pair (bp) deletion in the ltxCABD promoter region controlling leukotoxin expression. In the present work, we have characterized serotype b strains with four additional promoter types. Two novel types have been recognized, that is, one with a 230-bp deletion and one with a 172-bp duplication. Moreover, a strain with a 640-bp deletion and three strains with a full-length promoter, including the type strain Y4, were included in the present study. The seven strains were characterized by multi locus sequence typing (MLST) and arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and assessed for LtxA production. MLST showed that the strains with the non-JP2-like deletions represented distinct monophyletic groups, whereas the JP2 strain, HK1651, represented a separate branch. LtxA production was high in all three strains with a promoter deletion, whereas the other four strains showed significantly lower levels. It can be concluded that the genetic characterization and determination of LtxA production of A. actinomycetemcomitans isolates from individuals with periodontitis can contribute to the identification of novel virulent genotypes of this bacterium.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer398
TidsskriftVaccines
Vol/bind8
Nummer3
Sider (fra-til)1-15
Antal sider15
ISSN2076-393X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2020

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