Characterization, health benefits, and food applications of enzymatic digestion- resistant dextrin: A review

Fei Li, Atif Muhmood*, Muhammad Akhter, Xiang Gao, Jie Sun, Zubo Du, Yunlu Wei*, Ting Zhang, Yunlu Wei*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review

Abstract

Resistant dextrin or resistant maltodextrin (RD), a short-chain glucose polymer that is highly resistant to hydrolysis by human digestive enzymes, has shown broad developmental prospects in the food industry and has gained substantial attention owing to its lack of undesirable effects on the sensory features of food or the digestive system. However, comprehensive fundamental and application information on RD and how RD improves anti-diabetes and obesity have not yet been received. Therefore, the characterization, health benefits and application of RD in various fields are summarized and discussed in the current study. Typically, RD is prepared by the acid thermal method and possesses excellent physicochemical properties, including low viscosity, high solubility, storage stability, and low retro-gradation, which are correlated with its low molecular weight (Mw) and non-digestible glycosidic linkages. In contrast, RD prepared by the simultaneous debranching and crystallization method has low solubility and high crystallinity. The ingestion of RD can positively affect metabolic diseases (diabetes and obesity) in animals and humans by producing short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and facilitating the inflammatory response. Moreover, RD has been widely used in the beverage, dairy products, and dessert industries due to its nutritional value and textural properties without unacceptable quality loss. More studies are required to further explore RD application potential in the food industry and its role in the management of different chronic metabolic disorders.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer126970
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Vol/bind253
NummerPart 4
ISSN0141-8130
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2023

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