Center for Rusmiddelforskning

Changes in the composition of cannabis from 2000-2017 in Denmark: Analysis of confiscated samples of cannabis resin

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Standard

Changes in the composition of cannabis from 2000-2017 in Denmark : Analysis of confiscated samples of cannabis resin. / Rømer Thomsen, Kristine; Lindholst, Christian; Thylstrup, Birgitte; Kvamme, Sinikka; Reitzel, Lotte Ask; Worm-Leonhard, Martin; Englund, Amir; Freeman, Tom P; Hesse, Morten.

I: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, Bind 27, Nr. 4, 08.2019, s. 402-411.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Rømer Thomsen, Kristine ; Lindholst, Christian ; Thylstrup, Birgitte ; Kvamme, Sinikka ; Reitzel, Lotte Ask ; Worm-Leonhard, Martin ; Englund, Amir ; Freeman, Tom P ; Hesse, Morten. / Changes in the composition of cannabis from 2000-2017 in Denmark : Analysis of confiscated samples of cannabis resin. I: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. 2019 ; Bind 27, Nr. 4. s. 402-411.

Bibtex

@article{49d22111f1e14364892f68e140589d95,
title = "Changes in the composition of cannabis from 2000-2017 in Denmark: Analysis of confiscated samples of cannabis resin",
abstract = "Globally, recent studies report increases in Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration in seized samples of cannabis for human consumption. This is important, because use of cannabis with a high concentration of THC has been linked to a number of adverse health outcomes. The objective of this study was to assess recent changes in the composition of seized cannabis resin in Denmark by (a) examining THC concentration in samples from Danish forensic laboratories from 2000 to 2017 (N = 430) and (b) examining cannabidiol (CBD) concentration and the THC:CBD concentration ratio in samples from the forensic laboratory in Western Denmark from 2008 to 2017 (N = 147). Cannabis resin samples were analyzed using a gas chromatographic analysis with flame ionization detection quantifying the total THC and CBD concentration. Results showed that the THC concentration increased 3-fold from 2000 (mean: 8.3%) to 2017 (mean: 25.3%). Significant increases occurred in all areas of Denmark. After 2011, we found a dramatic increase in cannabis resin samples with high THC concentration and the near disappearance of cannabis resin samples with medium- and low THC concentration. Furthermore, the THC:CBD concentration ratio increased significantly from 1.4 in 2008 to 4.4 in 2017. Whereas THC concentration increased, CBD concentration remained stable at 6%. In conclusion, the THC concentration of cannabis resin, and THC:CBD concentration ratio, have increased dramatically in Denmark, potentially leading to higher risk of harm to users. Policymakers, treatment professionals, and educators should be aware of this change.",
keywords = "CBD, Cannabis, Gas chromatography with flame ionization detector, THC, JUTLAND, cannabis, DELTA(9)-TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL, SMOKING, SYMPTOMS, POTENCY, DELTA-9-TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL, PSYCHOSIS, gas chromatography with flame ionization detector, ENGLAND",
author = "{R{\o}mer Thomsen}, Kristine and Christian Lindholst and Birgitte Thylstrup and Sinikka Kvamme and Reitzel, {Lotte Ask} and Martin Worm-Leonhard and Amir Englund and Freeman, {Tom P} and Morten Hesse",
year = "2019",
month = aug,
doi = "10.1037/pha0000303",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "402--411",
journal = "Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology",
issn = "1064-1297",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes in the composition of cannabis from 2000-2017 in Denmark

T2 - Analysis of confiscated samples of cannabis resin

AU - Rømer Thomsen, Kristine

AU - Lindholst, Christian

AU - Thylstrup, Birgitte

AU - Kvamme, Sinikka

AU - Reitzel, Lotte Ask

AU - Worm-Leonhard, Martin

AU - Englund, Amir

AU - Freeman, Tom P

AU - Hesse, Morten

PY - 2019/8

Y1 - 2019/8

N2 - Globally, recent studies report increases in Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration in seized samples of cannabis for human consumption. This is important, because use of cannabis with a high concentration of THC has been linked to a number of adverse health outcomes. The objective of this study was to assess recent changes in the composition of seized cannabis resin in Denmark by (a) examining THC concentration in samples from Danish forensic laboratories from 2000 to 2017 (N = 430) and (b) examining cannabidiol (CBD) concentration and the THC:CBD concentration ratio in samples from the forensic laboratory in Western Denmark from 2008 to 2017 (N = 147). Cannabis resin samples were analyzed using a gas chromatographic analysis with flame ionization detection quantifying the total THC and CBD concentration. Results showed that the THC concentration increased 3-fold from 2000 (mean: 8.3%) to 2017 (mean: 25.3%). Significant increases occurred in all areas of Denmark. After 2011, we found a dramatic increase in cannabis resin samples with high THC concentration and the near disappearance of cannabis resin samples with medium- and low THC concentration. Furthermore, the THC:CBD concentration ratio increased significantly from 1.4 in 2008 to 4.4 in 2017. Whereas THC concentration increased, CBD concentration remained stable at 6%. In conclusion, the THC concentration of cannabis resin, and THC:CBD concentration ratio, have increased dramatically in Denmark, potentially leading to higher risk of harm to users. Policymakers, treatment professionals, and educators should be aware of this change.

AB - Globally, recent studies report increases in Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration in seized samples of cannabis for human consumption. This is important, because use of cannabis with a high concentration of THC has been linked to a number of adverse health outcomes. The objective of this study was to assess recent changes in the composition of seized cannabis resin in Denmark by (a) examining THC concentration in samples from Danish forensic laboratories from 2000 to 2017 (N = 430) and (b) examining cannabidiol (CBD) concentration and the THC:CBD concentration ratio in samples from the forensic laboratory in Western Denmark from 2008 to 2017 (N = 147). Cannabis resin samples were analyzed using a gas chromatographic analysis with flame ionization detection quantifying the total THC and CBD concentration. Results showed that the THC concentration increased 3-fold from 2000 (mean: 8.3%) to 2017 (mean: 25.3%). Significant increases occurred in all areas of Denmark. After 2011, we found a dramatic increase in cannabis resin samples with high THC concentration and the near disappearance of cannabis resin samples with medium- and low THC concentration. Furthermore, the THC:CBD concentration ratio increased significantly from 1.4 in 2008 to 4.4 in 2017. Whereas THC concentration increased, CBD concentration remained stable at 6%. In conclusion, the THC concentration of cannabis resin, and THC:CBD concentration ratio, have increased dramatically in Denmark, potentially leading to higher risk of harm to users. Policymakers, treatment professionals, and educators should be aware of this change.

KW - CBD

KW - Cannabis

KW - Gas chromatography with flame ionization detector

KW - THC

KW - JUTLAND

KW - cannabis

KW - DELTA(9)-TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL

KW - SMOKING

KW - SYMPTOMS

KW - POTENCY

KW - DELTA-9-TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL

KW - PSYCHOSIS

KW - gas chromatography with flame ionization detector

KW - ENGLAND

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069954647&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/pha0000303

DO - 10.1037/pha0000303

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31219274

VL - 27

SP - 402

EP - 411

JO - Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology

JF - Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology

SN - 1064-1297

IS - 4

ER -