Changes in arterial blood pressure characteristics following an extrasystolic beat or a fast 50 ml fluid challenge do not predict fluid responsiveness during cardiac surgery

Jonas M Berg, Dorthe V Nielsen, Vijoleta Abromaitiene, Niels E Hjørnet, Simon T Vistisen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Prediction of fluid responsiveness is essential in perioperative goal directed therapy, but dynamic tests of fluid responsiveness are not applicable during open-chest surgery. We hypothesised that two methods could predict fluid responsiveness during cardiac surgery based on their ability to alter preload and thereby induce changes in arterial blood pressure characteristics: (1) the change caused by extrasystolic beats and (2) the change caused by a fast infusion of 50 ml crystalloid (micro-fluid challenge). Arterial blood pressure and electrocardiogram waveforms were collected during surgical preparation of the left internal mammary artery in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. Patients received a fluid challenge (5 ml/kg ideal body weight). The first 50 ml were infused in 10 s and comprised the micro-fluid challenge. Predictor variables were defined as post-ectopic beat changes (compared with sinus beats preceding ectopy) in arterial blood pressure characteristics, such as pulse pressure and systolic pressure, or micro-fluid challenge induced changes in the same blood pressure characteristics. Patients were considered fluid responsive if stroke volume index increased by 15% or more after the full fluid challenge. Diagnostic accuracy was calculated by the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC). Fifty-six patients were included for statistical analysis. Thirty-one had extrasystoles. The maximal AUC was found for the extrasystolic change in pulse pressure and was 0.70 (CI [0.35 to 1.00]). The micro-fluid challenge method generally produced lower AUC point estimates. Extrasystoles did not predict fluid responsiveness with convincing accuracy in patients undergoing cardiac surgery and changes in arterial waveform indices following a micro-fluid challenge could not predict fluid responsiveness. Given a low number of fluid responders and inherently reduced statistical power, our data does not support firm conclusions about the utility of the extrasystolic method. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Unique identifier: NCT02903316. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02903316?cond=NCT02903316&rank=1 .

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Vol/bind36
Nummer3
Sider (fra-til)889-900
Antal sider12
ISSN1387-1307
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2022

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