Challenges and potentials of new breeding techniques in Cannabis sativa

Christina Rønn Ingvardsen*, Henrik Brinch-Pedersen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Cannabis sativa L. is an ancient crop used for fiber and seed production and not least for its content of cannabinoids used for medicine and as an intoxicant drug. Due to the psychedelic effect of one of the compounds, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), many countries had regulations or bands on Cannabis growing, also as fiber or seed crop. Recently, as many of these regulations are getting less tight, the interest for the many uses of this crop is increasing. Cannabis is dioecious and highly heterogenic, making traditional breeding costly and time consuming. Further, it might be difficult to introduce new traits without changing the cannabinoid profile. Genome editing using new breeding techniques might solve these problems. The successful use of genome editing requires sequence information on suitable target genes, a genome editing tool to be introduced into plant tissue and the ability to regenerate plants from transformed cells. This review summarizes the current status of Cannabis breeding, uncovers potentials and challenges of Cannabis in an era of new breeding techniques and finally suggests future focus areas that may help to improve our overall understanding of Cannabis and realize the potentials of the plant.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer1154332
TidsskriftFrontiers in Plant Science
Vol/bind14
Antal sider18
ISSN1664-462X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2023

Emneord

  • Cannabis sativa
  • drug type Cannabis
  • genome editing
  • medical Cannabis
  • plant regeneration
  • transformation

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