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Cation exchange capacity and soil pore system play key roles in water vapour sorption

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  • Xue Song, China Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Chong Chen, China Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Emmanuel Arthur
  • Markus Tuller, University of Arizona
  • ,
  • Hu Zhou, China Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Jianying Shang, China Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Tusheng Ren, China Agricultural University

Understanding the controlling factors of soil water vapour sorption at different water activities (aw) is essential for accurate estimation of soil properties, such as cation exchange capacity (CEC) and specific surface area (SSA). The objective of this study was to identify the role of CEC and soil pore system in water vapour sorption and sorption hysteresis over a range of aw values. The CEC, SSA, pore volume, and water and nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms for eight soils with different clay contents and mineralogies were measured. Irrespective of aw and sorption direction, there was a significant correlation between water content and CEC, and the correlation varied with aw. The water content change was mainly related to CEC and SSAH2O for aw < ∼0.6, and to SSAN2 and pore volume for aw > ∼0.6. Similar to the forced closure phenomenon of the soil nitrogen desorption branch at a relative pressure (P/P0) of ∼ 0.45, the soil water vapour desorption branch also exhibited a sudden drop in the range of 0.2 < aw < 0.4. The water vapour sorption hysteresis for aw < ∼0.75 was mainly due to the difference in cation hydration during the adsorption and desorption process, and the hysteresis phenomena for aw > ∼0.75 was attributed to the different sizes of narrow pore necks and the connected pores.

StatusUdgivet - okt. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China grants #42177273 and #U1832188.

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© 2022

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