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Cashing in on Spinners: Revenue Estimates of Wild Dolphin-Swim Tourism in the Hawaiian Islands

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Standard

Cashing in on Spinners : Revenue Estimates of Wild Dolphin-Swim Tourism in the Hawaiian Islands. / Wiener, Carlie; Bejder, Lars; Johnston, David; Fawcett, Leesa; Wilkinson, Paul.

I: Frontiers in Marine Science, Bind 7, 660, 08.2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Wiener, C, Bejder, L, Johnston, D, Fawcett, L & Wilkinson, P 2020, 'Cashing in on Spinners: Revenue Estimates of Wild Dolphin-Swim Tourism in the Hawaiian Islands', Frontiers in Marine Science, bind 7, 660. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00660

APA

Wiener, C., Bejder, L., Johnston, D., Fawcett, L., & Wilkinson, P. (2020). Cashing in on Spinners: Revenue Estimates of Wild Dolphin-Swim Tourism in the Hawaiian Islands. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7, [660]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00660

CBE

Wiener C, Bejder L, Johnston D, Fawcett L, Wilkinson P. 2020. Cashing in on Spinners: Revenue Estimates of Wild Dolphin-Swim Tourism in the Hawaiian Islands. Frontiers in Marine Science. 7:Article 660. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00660

MLA

Vancouver

Wiener C, Bejder L, Johnston D, Fawcett L, Wilkinson P. Cashing in on Spinners: Revenue Estimates of Wild Dolphin-Swim Tourism in the Hawaiian Islands. Frontiers in Marine Science. 2020 aug;7. 660. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00660

Author

Wiener, Carlie ; Bejder, Lars ; Johnston, David ; Fawcett, Leesa ; Wilkinson, Paul. / Cashing in on Spinners : Revenue Estimates of Wild Dolphin-Swim Tourism in the Hawaiian Islands. I: Frontiers in Marine Science. 2020 ; Bind 7.

Bibtex

@article{8fa1b16b14974a2f8552f7bfaeefd892,
title = "Cashing in on Spinners: Revenue Estimates of Wild Dolphin-Swim Tourism in the Hawaiian Islands",
abstract = "Wild dolphin-swim tourism has grown in specific locations where Hawaiian spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris) have known resting habitat. The increased growth in dolphin-swim businesses has created an industry in Hawaii that earns an estimated $102 million (USD) annually in 2013. Semi-structured interviews with business owners, market research, and boat-based observations provide a platform for estimating revenue generated from dolphin tourism in two popular locations, Waianae, Oahu and Kailua-Kona, Hawaii Island. A revenue analysis of dolphin-swim tourism is presented using a peak season and utilization rate model. These predictions offer an accountability exercise based on a series of assumptions regarding wild dolphin-swim demand and an annual estimate of the number of viewing participants and revenue earned. The results show that dolphin viewing companies are making a larger profit than dolphin-swim businesses by approximately $19 million (USD) per year, however, both avenues are generating large earnings. Sizable differences between businesses in Kona and Waianae are discussed. The average lifetime revenue generated by a dolphin in 2013 is estimated at $3,364,316 (USD) for Waianae and $1,608,882 (USD) for Kona, and is presented as a first step in scenario analysis for policy makers looking to implement management in the bays where tourism occurs. This study offers the first revenue estimates of spinner dolphin tourism in Hawaii, which can provide context for further discussion on the impact and economic role of the dolphin-swim industry in the state.",
keywords = "dolphin-swim, Hawaiian spinner dolphin, revenue analysis, time area management, tourism, utilization rate model",
author = "Carlie Wiener and Lars Bejder and David Johnston and Leesa Fawcett and Paul Wilkinson",
year = "2020",
month = aug,
doi = "10.3389/fmars.2020.00660",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Frontiers in Marine Science",
issn = "2296-7745",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cashing in on Spinners

T2 - Revenue Estimates of Wild Dolphin-Swim Tourism in the Hawaiian Islands

AU - Wiener, Carlie

AU - Bejder, Lars

AU - Johnston, David

AU - Fawcett, Leesa

AU - Wilkinson, Paul

PY - 2020/8

Y1 - 2020/8

N2 - Wild dolphin-swim tourism has grown in specific locations where Hawaiian spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris) have known resting habitat. The increased growth in dolphin-swim businesses has created an industry in Hawaii that earns an estimated $102 million (USD) annually in 2013. Semi-structured interviews with business owners, market research, and boat-based observations provide a platform for estimating revenue generated from dolphin tourism in two popular locations, Waianae, Oahu and Kailua-Kona, Hawaii Island. A revenue analysis of dolphin-swim tourism is presented using a peak season and utilization rate model. These predictions offer an accountability exercise based on a series of assumptions regarding wild dolphin-swim demand and an annual estimate of the number of viewing participants and revenue earned. The results show that dolphin viewing companies are making a larger profit than dolphin-swim businesses by approximately $19 million (USD) per year, however, both avenues are generating large earnings. Sizable differences between businesses in Kona and Waianae are discussed. The average lifetime revenue generated by a dolphin in 2013 is estimated at $3,364,316 (USD) for Waianae and $1,608,882 (USD) for Kona, and is presented as a first step in scenario analysis for policy makers looking to implement management in the bays where tourism occurs. This study offers the first revenue estimates of spinner dolphin tourism in Hawaii, which can provide context for further discussion on the impact and economic role of the dolphin-swim industry in the state.

AB - Wild dolphin-swim tourism has grown in specific locations where Hawaiian spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris) have known resting habitat. The increased growth in dolphin-swim businesses has created an industry in Hawaii that earns an estimated $102 million (USD) annually in 2013. Semi-structured interviews with business owners, market research, and boat-based observations provide a platform for estimating revenue generated from dolphin tourism in two popular locations, Waianae, Oahu and Kailua-Kona, Hawaii Island. A revenue analysis of dolphin-swim tourism is presented using a peak season and utilization rate model. These predictions offer an accountability exercise based on a series of assumptions regarding wild dolphin-swim demand and an annual estimate of the number of viewing participants and revenue earned. The results show that dolphin viewing companies are making a larger profit than dolphin-swim businesses by approximately $19 million (USD) per year, however, both avenues are generating large earnings. Sizable differences between businesses in Kona and Waianae are discussed. The average lifetime revenue generated by a dolphin in 2013 is estimated at $3,364,316 (USD) for Waianae and $1,608,882 (USD) for Kona, and is presented as a first step in scenario analysis for policy makers looking to implement management in the bays where tourism occurs. This study offers the first revenue estimates of spinner dolphin tourism in Hawaii, which can provide context for further discussion on the impact and economic role of the dolphin-swim industry in the state.

KW - dolphin-swim

KW - Hawaiian spinner dolphin

KW - revenue analysis

KW - time area management

KW - tourism

KW - utilization rate model

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85089884800&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fmars.2020.00660

DO - 10.3389/fmars.2020.00660

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85089884800

VL - 7

JO - Frontiers in Marine Science

JF - Frontiers in Marine Science

SN - 2296-7745

M1 - 660

ER -