Cardiovascular biomarkers in the evaluation of patent ductus arteriosus in very preterm neonates: A cohort study

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BACKGROUND: The evaluation of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in the very premature neonate is a challenge. Echocardiography provides an interpretation of the hemodynamic condition. It is however, only a snapshot. Biomarkers may represent a physiological response to the hemodynamic alterations brought on by the PDA and may add to the identification of the clinical significant PDA.

AIM: To investigate the association between mid regional proadrenomodulin (MR-proADM), N-terminal pro b-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), mid regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP), C-terminal pro endothelin-1 (CT-proET1) and copeptin and echocardiographic measures of PDA.

STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study with echocardiography performed on day 3 and 6. Blood samples from day 3.

SUBJECT: 139 consecutive neonates born at a gestational age <32 weeks.

OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcomes were presence of a PDA day 3 and 6, PDA diameter, left atrium to aorta ratio (LA:Ao-ratio), and descending aorta diastolic flow (DADF).

RESULTS: Adjusted plasma levels of all investigated biomarkers, except CT-proET1, were found to be associated with both PDA diameter and LA:Ao-ratio, and also the presence of a large PDA. CT-proET1 and copeptin was found to be associated with abnormal DADF. Using pre-specified cut-off values NT-proBNP and MR-proANP day 3 seemed to be of value in identifying a large PDA day 3 and 6 in very preterm neonates.

CONCLUSION: Among the investigated biomarkers NT-proBNP and MR-proANP performed best in relation to echocardiographic markers of PDA severity in very preterm neonates.

TidsskriftEarly Human Development
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2020

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