Cardiac computed tomography-verified right ventricular lead position and outcomes in cardiac resynchronization therapy

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PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between different right ventricular (RV) lead positions as assessed by cardiac computed tomography (CT) and echocardiographic and clinical outcomes in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).

METHODS: We reviewed patient records of all 278 patients included in two randomized controlled trials (ImagingCRT and ElectroCRT) for occurrence of heart failure (HF) hospitalization or all-cause death (primary endpoint) during long-term follow-up. Outcomes were compared between RV lead positions using adjusted Cox regression analysis. Six months after CRT implantation, we estimated left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling by measuring LV end-systolic and end-diastolic volumes by echocardiography. Changes from baseline to 6 months follow-up were compared between RV lead positions. Device-related complications were recorded at 6-month follow-up.

RESULTS: During median (interquartile range) follow-up of 4.7 (2.9-7.1) years, the risk of meeting the primary endpoint was similar for patients with non-apical vs. apical RV lead position (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.78, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.54-1.12, p = 0.17) and free wall vs. septal RV lead position (adjusted HR 1.03, 95% CI 0.72-1.47, p = 0.86). Changes in LV ejection fraction and dimensions were similar with the different RV lead positions. We observed no differences in device-related complications relative to the RV lead position.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients receiving CRT, the risk of HF hospitalization or all-cause death during long-term follow-up, and LV remodeling and incidence of device-related complications after 6 months are not associated with different anatomical RV lead position as assessed by cardiac CT.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
ISSN1383-875X
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 28 mar. 2022

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© 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

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