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Can microorganisms assist the survival and parasitism of plant-parasitic nematodes?

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Plant-parasitic nematodes (PPNs) remain a hardly treatable problem in many crops worldwide. Low efficacy of many biocontrol agents may be due to negligence of the native microbiota that is naturally associated with nematodes in soil, and which may protect nematodes against microbial antagonists. This phenomenon is more extensively studied for other nematode parasites, so we compiled these studies and drew parallels to the existing knowledge on PPN. We describe how microbial-mediated modulation of host immune responses facilitate nematode parasitism and discuss the role of Caenorhabditis elegans-protective microbiota to get an insight into the microbial protection of PPNs in soil. Molecular mechanisms of PPN–microbial interactions are also discussed. An understanding of microbial-aided PPN performance is thus pivotal for efficient management of PPNs.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftTrends in Parasitology
Vol/bind37
Nummer11
Sider (fra-til)947-958
Antal sider12
ISSN1471-4922
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2021

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