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Birds of Greenland

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Greenland is the largest island of the world and is situated in the Arctic climate zone. The climate varies from humid oceanic to polar desert, and an ice sheet covers roughly 80% of the island. Sea ice is a significant factor, blocking most coasts in winter and many coasts in summer. The bird fauna is depleted compared to other Arctic areas, due to the relatively isolated position of the island and the short history of being ice free, and most species have immigrated from their origins in Europe. Many bird species leave Greenland for the winter to warmer regions in Western Europe, West Africa, the southern Atlantic and North and South America. However, the southwestern part of Greenland is an important winter quarter for seabirds from the northern Atlantic region. Numerous seabirds including local breeders, non-breeders from all over the Atlantic and molting postbreeders from Canada utilize the productive seas off West Greenland in summer. In recent decades, modern tracking methods that use electronic devices have confirmed results from previous decades of banding programs and revealed much new and exiting insights in the migratory patterns of Arctic birds. Seabirds have been an important resource to the native Greenlanders, and some seabird populations became overharvested due to the increased efficiency of the hunters. This is especially true for the thick-billed murre population, which do not show signs of recovery, despite improved management, while the over-harvested common eider showed a strong recovery response following a reduction in the spring hunt.

TitelDeserts - Life in the Extremes
RedaktørerM. Goldstein, D. DellaSala
Antal sider10
Udgivelsesår10 jul. 2020
ISBN (trykt)9780128160961
ISBN (Elektronisk)9780128160978
StatusUdgivet - 10 jul. 2020

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