Biomechanical characterization and comparison of different aortic root surgical techniques

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OBJECTIVES: Understanding the biomechanical impact of aortic valve-sparing techniques is important in an era in which surgical techniques are developing and are increasingly being used based on biomechanical understanding that is essential in the refining of existing techniques. The objective of this study was to describe how the valve-sparing remodelling (Yacoub) and reimplantation (David Type-1) techniques affect the biomechanics of the native aortic root in terms of force distribution and geometrical changes.

METHODS: Two force transducers were implanted into 22 pigs, randomized to 1 of 3 groups (David = 7, native = 7 and Yacoub = 8) along with 11 sonomicrometry crystals and 2 pressure catheters. Force and geometry data were combined to obtain the local structural stiffness in different segments of the aortic root.

RESULTS: The radial structural stiffness was not different between groups (P = 0.064) at the annular level; however, the David technique seemed to stabilize the aortic annulus more than the Yacoub technique. In the sinotubular junction, the native group was more compliant (P = 0.036) with the right-left coronary segment than the intervention groups. Overall, the native aortic root appeared to be more dynamic at both the annular level and the sinotubular junction than both intervention groups.

CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the David procedure may stabilize the aortic annulus more than the Yacoub procedure, whereas the leaflet opening area was larger in the latter (P = 0.030). No difference (P = 0.309) was found in valve-opening delay between groups. The 2 interventions show similar characteristics at the sinotubular junction, whereas the David technique seemed more restrictive at the annular level than the Yacoub technique.

TidsskriftInteractive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Sider (fra-til)112-119
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - 2019

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