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Bioenergy potential of Ulva lactuca: Biomass yield, methane production and combustion

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Annette Bruhn
  • Jonas Dahl, Danih Technological Institute, Danmark
  • Henrik Bangsø Nielsen, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, Danmark
  • Lars Nikolaisen, Danish Technological Institute, Danmark
  • Michael Bo Rasmussen
  • Stiig Markager
  • Birgit Olesen
  • Carlos Arias, Danish Technological Institute, Danmark
  • Peter Daugbjerg Jensen, Danish Technological Institute, Danmark
  • Afdeling for Marin Økologi
  • Plantebiologi, Biologisk Institut
The biomass production potential at temperate latitudes (56°N), and the quality of the biomass for energy production (anaerobic digestion to methane and direct combustion) were investigated for the green macroalgae, Ulva lactuca. The algae were cultivated in a land based facility demonstrating a production potential of 45T (TS) ha(-1)y(-1). Biogas production from fresh and macerated U. lactuca yielded up to 271ml CH(4) g(-1) VS, which is in the range of the methane production from cattle manure and land based energy crops, such as grass-clover. Drying of the biomass resulted in a 5-9-fold increase in weight specific methane production compared to wet biomass. Ash and alkali contents are the main challenges in the use of U. lactuca for direct combustion. Application of a bio-refinery concept could increase the economical value of the U. lactuca biomass as well as improve its suitability for production of bioenergy.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBioresource Technology
Vol/bind102
Nummer3
Sider (fra-til)2595-2604
ISSN0960-8524
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 feb. 2011

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