Aarhus Universitets segl

Baseline serum levels of IgA anti-cyclic citrullinated protein antibodies in early rheumatoid arthritis predict radiographic progression after 11 years of treatment: a secondary analysis of the CIMESTRA study

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Objective: Smoking and periodontitis are risk factors for developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA), suggesting a break of tolerance on mucosal surfaces. Immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies are part of the mucosal immune system. The dominant autoantibodies in RA are anti-cyclic citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs), and IgG and IgA subclasses exist simultaneously. This study aimed to investigate the association of ACPA IgA subtypes with disease activity and long-term radiographic outcomes in RA, compared with ACPA IgG. Method: Total ACPA IgG, IgA, IgA1, and IgA2 were quantified in serum from patients with early RA (n = 97). Patient characteristics, IgM rheumatoid factor (IgM-RF) status, clinical and biochemical disease activity scores, and radiographic status evaluated by total Sharp score (TSS), were assessed at baseline and after 2 and 11 years of treatment. Results: All patients with ACPA IgA also had ACPA IgG. ACPA IgA positivity was associated with IgM-RF and male gender. Both ACPA IgA and IgG levels at baseline were weakly associated with disease activity markers. Baseline ACPA IgA and IgG did not show a linear correlation with radiographic status after 10 years, but could predict radiographic progression (ΔTSS ≥ 5 from 0 to 11 years), with positive likelihood ratios of 3.7 and 4.0, respectively. Conclusion: ACPA IgA and IgG were weakly associated with disease activity in early RA. RA patients with a ΔTSS ≥ 5 after 11 years of treatment had higher ACPA IgG and ACPA IgA levels at baseline; however, none of the ACPA subtypes was superior in predicting long-term radiographic progression.

TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Sider (fra-til)493-497
Antal sider5
StatusUdgivet - 2023

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© 2022 Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology Foundation.

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