Baltic Sea eutrophication status is not improved by the first pillar of the European Union Common Agricultural Policy

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Standard

Baltic Sea eutrophication status is not improved by the first pillar of the European Union Common Agricultural Policy. / Jansson, Torbjörn ; Andersen, Hans Estrup; Gustafsson, Bo G.; Hasler, Berit; Höglind, Lisa; Choi, Hyungsik .

I: Regional Environmental Change, Bind 19, Nr. 8, 01.12.2019, s. 2465-2476.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Jansson, Torbjörn ; Andersen, Hans Estrup ; Gustafsson, Bo G. ; Hasler, Berit ; Höglind, Lisa ; Choi, Hyungsik . / Baltic Sea eutrophication status is not improved by the first pillar of the European Union Common Agricultural Policy. I: Regional Environmental Change. 2019 ; Bind 19, Nr. 8. s. 2465-2476.

Bibtex

@article{c5610beeb834479da555e843917f1b89,
title = "Baltic Sea eutrophication status is not improved by the first pillar of the European Union Common Agricultural Policy",
abstract = "Agriculture is an important source of nitrogen and phosphorous loads to the Baltic Sea. We study how the European Union{\textquoteright}s (EU) Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), and in particular how its first pillar, containing most of the budget and the decoupled farm payments, affects eutrophication. To aid our study, we use three simulation models, covering the agricultural sector in the EU, a hydrological nutrient flow model and a model of eutrophication in the Baltic Sea. We compute changes in key eutrophication indicators in a business-as-usual baseline and in a hypothetical situation where the first pillar of the CAP, containing the direct payments, greening and accompanying measures, is not present. Comparing the outcomes, we find that in the scenario without the first pillar, production and agricultural land use is lower, while yields and fertiliser use per hectare are higher, causing less nitrogen and phosphorous loads (0.5 to 4% depending on the basin) and less eutrophication in the Baltic Sea as net effect. We therefore conclude that the policies of the first pillar of the CAP contribute to increased eutrophication in the Baltic Sea.",
keywords = "Common agricultural policy Eutrophication Nutrient surplus Baltic Sea",
author = "Torbj{\"o}rn Jansson and Andersen, {Hans Estrup} and Gustafsson, {Bo G.} and Berit Hasler and Lisa H{\"o}glind and Hyungsik Choi",
year = "2019",
month = dec,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10113-019-01559-8",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "2465--2476",
journal = "Regional Environmental Change",
issn = "1436-3798",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Baltic Sea eutrophication status is not improved by the first pillar of the European Union Common Agricultural Policy

AU - Jansson, Torbjörn

AU - Andersen, Hans Estrup

AU - Gustafsson, Bo G.

AU - Hasler, Berit

AU - Höglind, Lisa

AU - Choi, Hyungsik

PY - 2019/12/1

Y1 - 2019/12/1

N2 - Agriculture is an important source of nitrogen and phosphorous loads to the Baltic Sea. We study how the European Union’s (EU) Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), and in particular how its first pillar, containing most of the budget and the decoupled farm payments, affects eutrophication. To aid our study, we use three simulation models, covering the agricultural sector in the EU, a hydrological nutrient flow model and a model of eutrophication in the Baltic Sea. We compute changes in key eutrophication indicators in a business-as-usual baseline and in a hypothetical situation where the first pillar of the CAP, containing the direct payments, greening and accompanying measures, is not present. Comparing the outcomes, we find that in the scenario without the first pillar, production and agricultural land use is lower, while yields and fertiliser use per hectare are higher, causing less nitrogen and phosphorous loads (0.5 to 4% depending on the basin) and less eutrophication in the Baltic Sea as net effect. We therefore conclude that the policies of the first pillar of the CAP contribute to increased eutrophication in the Baltic Sea.

AB - Agriculture is an important source of nitrogen and phosphorous loads to the Baltic Sea. We study how the European Union’s (EU) Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), and in particular how its first pillar, containing most of the budget and the decoupled farm payments, affects eutrophication. To aid our study, we use three simulation models, covering the agricultural sector in the EU, a hydrological nutrient flow model and a model of eutrophication in the Baltic Sea. We compute changes in key eutrophication indicators in a business-as-usual baseline and in a hypothetical situation where the first pillar of the CAP, containing the direct payments, greening and accompanying measures, is not present. Comparing the outcomes, we find that in the scenario without the first pillar, production and agricultural land use is lower, while yields and fertiliser use per hectare are higher, causing less nitrogen and phosphorous loads (0.5 to 4% depending on the basin) and less eutrophication in the Baltic Sea as net effect. We therefore conclude that the policies of the first pillar of the CAP contribute to increased eutrophication in the Baltic Sea.

KW - Common agricultural policy Eutrophication Nutrient surplus Baltic Sea

U2 - 10.1007/s10113-019-01559-8

DO - 10.1007/s10113-019-01559-8

M3 - Journal article

VL - 19

SP - 2465

EP - 2476

JO - Regional Environmental Change

JF - Regional Environmental Change

SN - 1436-3798

IS - 8

ER -