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Bacterial sulfate reduction in hydrothermal sediments of the Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California, Mexico

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Depth distribution and temperature dependence of bacterial sulfate reduction were studied in hydrothermal surface sediments of the southern trough of the Guaymas Basin at 2000 m water depth. In situ temperatures ranged from 2.8 degreesC at the sediment surface to > 130degreesC at 30 cm depth in the proximity of active vent chimneys. Sediment cores recovered from geothermally heated mud were incubated in the laboratory at 12degreesC, 25degreesC. 35degreesC, 70degreesC, 80degreesC and 90degreesC. The peak rates of bacterial sulfate reduction, up to 2550 nmol cm(-3) d(-1), were found in surface sediments (0-5 cm) covered with Beggiatoa mats. In sediments with a higher diffuse flow of hydrothermal fluid, a substrate pool ascending with the fluid flow was apparently available in the subsurface sediment below 15 cm, and the thermophilic sulfate reduction rose to a subsurface maximum of 3350 nmol cm(-3) d(-1) at 70degreesC. In cold sediments, a few hundred meters outside the hydrothermal fields, sulfate reduction rates peaked at only 0-120degreesC cm(-3) d(-1), i.e. > 200-fold lower. When incubated in a temperature gradient block at 31 increments over 0-120degreesC, the hydrothermal surface sediments revealed meso- to thermophilic optimum temperatures for sulfate reduction between 40degreesC and 60degreesC. In hydrothermal sediment from 15-20 cm depth with in situ temperatures of 71-93degreesC, thermo- to hyperthermophilic sulfate reduction was found in the temperature range 70 100degreesC. Sulfate reduction was not detected above 100degreesC. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Bidragets oversatte titelBacterial sulfate reduction in hydrothermal sediments of the Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California, Mexico
TidsskriftDeep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers
Sider (fra-til)827-841
Antal sider15
StatusUdgivet - 1 maj 2002

Bibliografisk note

PT: J; UT: WOS:000175647600003

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