ATP induced calcium signaling activity in perivascular cells differ at different vascular branch levels in the porcine retina

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Background: The purine adenosine triphosphate (ATP) plays a significant role in retinal blood flow regulation and recent evidence suggests that the vasoactive effect of the compound differs in vessels at different branching level. However, the cellular basis for the regulation of retinal blood flow mediated by ATP has only been scarcely studied. Methods: Perfused porcine hemiretinas (n = 60) were loaded with the calcium-sensitive fluorophore Oregon Green ex vivo. Spontaneous oscillations in fluorescence were studied in perivascular cells at five different vascular branching levels ranging from the main arteriole to the capillaries, before and after the addition of intra- and extravascular ATP alone or in the presence of a P2-purinergic receptor antagonist. Results: Intravascular ATP induced an overall significant (p < 0.01) constriction of (mean ± SD) −9.79 ± 13.40% and extravascular ATP an overall significant (p < 0.01) dilatation of (mean ± SD) 19.62 ± 13.47%. Spontaneous oscillations of fluorescence in perivascular cells were significantly more intense around third order arterioles than around vessels at both lower and higher branching levels (p < 0.05 for all comparisons). ATP increased intracellular fluorescence in perivascular cells of first and second order arterioles after extravascular application, and the increase correlated with the accompanying vasodilatation (p < 0.03). Blocking of P2-receptors reduced oscillating fluorescence in pre-capillary arterioles secondary to intravascular ATP (p = 0.03). Conclusions: Spontaneous oscillations of calcium-sensitive fluorescence in perivascular retinal cells differ at different vascular branching levels. Extravascular ATP increases fluorescence in cells around the larger retinal arterioles exposed to the retinal surface. Future studies should investigate calcium signaling activity in perivascular retinal cells during interventions that simulate retinal pathology such as hypoxia.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer104256
TidsskriftMicrovascular Research
Vol/bind139
Antal sider9
ISSN0026-2862
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2022

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