Atomistic structure learning

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One endeavor of modern physical chemistry is to use bottom-up approaches to design materials and drugs with desired properties. Here, we introduce an atomistic structure learning algorithm (ASLA) that utilizes a convolutional neural network to build 2D structures and planar compounds atom by atom. The algorithm takes no prior data or knowledge on atomic interactions but inquires a first-principles quantum mechanical program for thermodynamical stability. Using reinforcement learning, the algorithm accumulates knowledge of chemical compound space for a given number and type of atoms and stores this in the neural network, ultimately learning the blueprint for the optimal structural arrangement of the atoms. ASLA is demonstrated to work on diverse problems, including grain boundaries in graphene sheets, organic compound formation, and a surface oxide structure. (C) 2019 Author(s).

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer054111
TidsskriftJournal of Chemical Physics
Vol/bind151
Nummer5
Antal sider11
ISSN0021-9606
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2019

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