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Association study of FOXO3A SNPs and aging phenotypes in Danish oldest-old individuals

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  • Mette Soerensen, Syddansk Universitet, Danmark
  • Marianne Nygaard, Syddansk Universitet, Danmark
  • Serena Dato, Syddansk Universitet, Danmark
  • Tinna Stevnsner
  • Vilhelm Bohr, Laboratory of Molecular Gerontology, National Institute on Aging, National Institute of Health, 251 Bayview Boulevard, Baltimore, Ukendt
  • Kaare Christensen, Syddansk Universitet, Danmark
  • Lene Christiansen, Syddansk Universitet, Danmark

FOXO3A variation has repeatedly been reported to associate with human longevity, yet only few studies have investigated whether FOXO3A variation also associates with aging-related traits. Here, we investigate the association of 15 FOXO3A tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 1088 oldest-old Danes (age 92-93) with 4 phenotypes known to predict their survival: cognitive function, hand grip strength, activity of daily living (ADL), and self-rated health. Based on previous studies in humans and foxo animal models, we also explore self-reported diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and bone (femur/spine/hip/wrist) fracture. Gene-based testing revealed significant associations of FOXO3A variation with ADL (P = 0.044) and bone fracture (P = 0.006). The single-SNP statistics behind the gene-based analysis indicated increased ADL (decreased disability) and reduced bone fracture risk for carriers of the minor alleles of 8 and 10 SNPs, respectively. These positive directions of effects are in agreement with the positive effects on longevity previously reported for these SNPs. However, when correcting for the test of 9 phenotypes by Bonferroni correction, bone fracture showed borderline significance (P = 0.054), while ADL did not (P = 0.396). Although the single-SNP associations did not formally replicate in another study population of oldest-old Danes (n = 1279, age 94-100), the estimates were of similar direction of effect as observed in the Discovery sample. A pooled analysis of both study populations displayed similar or decreased sized P-values for most associations, hereby supporting the initial findings. Nevertheless, confirmation in additional study populations is needed.

TidsskriftAging Cell
Sider (fra-til)60-66
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2015

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