Assessing physical activity in people with mental illness: 23-country reliability and validity of the simple physical activity questionnaire (SIMPAQ)

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  • S. Rosenbaum, University of New South Wales
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  • R. Morell, University of New South Wales
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  • A. Abdel-Baki, Universite de Montreal
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  • M. Ahmadpanah, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
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  • T. V. Anilkumar, Government Medical College
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  • L. Baie, University of Münster
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  • A. Bauman, Sydney University, Sydney
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  • S. Bender, Hospital for Psychiatry
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  • J. Boyan Han, California State University Los Angeles
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  • S. Brand, University of Basel, University of Urbino, Sutherland Hospital
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  • S. Bratland-Sanda, University of South-Eastern Norway
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  • J. Bueno-Antequera, Universidad Pablo de Olavide
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  • A. Camaz Deslandes, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
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  • L. Carneiro, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro
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  • A. Carraro, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano
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  • C. P. Castañeda, J. Horwitz Psychiatric Institute
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  • F. Castro Monteiro, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
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  • J. Chapman, Queensland Institute of Medical Research
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  • J. Y. Chau, Sydney University, Sydney, Macquarie University
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  • L. J. Chen, Department of Exercise Health Science, National Taiwan University of Sport
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  • B. Chvatalova, National Institute of Mental Health
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  • L. Chwastiak, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • G. Corretti, Department of Mental Health
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  • M. Dillon, HSE Louth Meath Mental Health Services
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  • C. Douglas, South Coast Private Hospital
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  • S. T. Egger, Universidad de Oviedo, University Hospital Zurich
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  • F. Gaughran, The National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care West (NIHR CLAHRC West) at University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust
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  • M. Gerber, University of Urbino
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  • E. Gobbi, University of Basel
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  • K. Gould, St John of God Health Care
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  • M. Hatzinger, Psychiatric Services Solothurn
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  • E. Holsboer-Trachsler, University of Basel
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  • Z. Hoodbhoy, Aga Khan University
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  • C. Imboden, Psychiatric Services Solothurn, Private Clinic Wyss
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  • P. S. Indu, Government Medical College
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  • R. Iqbal, Aga Khan University
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  • F. R. Jesus-Moraleida, Universidade Federal do Ceara
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  • S. Kondo, University of Tokyo
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  • P. W. Ku, National Changhua University of Education
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  • O. Lederman, Keeping the Body in Mind Program
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  • E. H.M. Lee, The University of Hong Kong
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  • B. Malchow, University of Göttingen
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  • E. Matthews, Waterford Institute of Technology
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  • P. Mazur, Hospital for Psychiatry
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  • A. Meneghelli, Association of early intervention in mental disorders-Cambiare la Rotta-Onlus
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  • A. Mian, Aga Khan University
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  • B. Morseth, UiT The Arctic University of Norway
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  • D. Munguia-Izquierdo, Universidad Pablo de Olavide
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  • L. Nyboe
  • B. O'Donoghue, Orygen
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  • A. Perram, Victoria University of Wellington
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  • J. Richards, Sydney University, Sydney, Gallipoli Medical Research Institute
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  • A. J. Romain, Universite de Montreal
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  • M. Romaniuk, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
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  • D. Sadeghi Bahmani, University of Basel, Sutherland Hospital
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  • M. Sarno, Association of early intervention in mental disorders-Cambiare la Rotta-Onlus
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  • F. Schuch, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
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  • N. Schweinfurth, University of Basel
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  • B. Stubbs, King's College London
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  • R. Uwakwe, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka
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  • T. Van Damme, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
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  • E. Van Der Stouwe, University of Groningen
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  • D. Vancampfort, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
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  • S. Vetter, University Hospital Zurich
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  • A. Waterreus, University of Western Australia
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  • P. B. Ward, University of New South Wales, Ingham Institute

Background: Physical inactivity is a key contributor to the global burden of disease and disproportionately impacts the wellbeing of people experiencing mental illness. Increases in physical activity are associated with improvements in symptoms of mental illness and reduction in cardiometabolic risk. Reliable and valid clinical tools that assess physical activity would improve evaluation of intervention studies that aim to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour in people living with mental illness. Methods: The five-item Simple Physical Activity Questionnaire (SIMPAQ) was developed by a multidisciplinary, international working group as a clinical tool to assess physical activity and sedentary behaviour in people living with mental illness. Patients with a DSM or ICD mental illness diagnoses were recruited and completed the SIMPAQ on two occasions, one week apart. Participants wore an Actigraph accelerometer and completed brief cognitive and clinical assessments. Results: Evidence of SIMPAQ validity was assessed against accelerometer-derived measures of physical activity. Data were obtained from 1010 participants. The SIMPAQ had good test-retest reliability. Correlations for moderate-vigorous physical activity was comparable to studies conducted in general population samples. Evidence of validity for the sedentary behaviour item was poor. An alternative method to calculate sedentary behaviour had stronger evidence of validity. This alternative method is recommended for use in future studies employing the SIMPAQ. Conclusions: The SIMPAQ is a brief measure of physical activity and sedentary behaviour that can be reliably and validly administered by health professionals.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer108
TidsskriftBMC Psychiatry
Vol/bind20
ISSN1471-244X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2020

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